1) The addition of amino acids, such as threonine, homoserine and methionine, to producing cultures resulted in an increase of the production of Corynecin 2. ..cap alpha..-Ketobutyric acid showed the similar effect. 2) The incorporation of these amino acids and the ketoacid into the propionyl group of Corynecin 2 was confirmed by the feeding experiments with labeled compounds, whereas propionic acid-U/sup 14/C was incorporated poorly into Corynecins with a relatively high degree of randomization of radioactivities. 3) L-Valine-U/sup 14/C was incorporated into Corynecin 3, suggesting that the isobutyryl group of Corynecin 3 was derived from L-valine via ..cap alpha..-ketoisovalerate. 4) The origin of the acetyl group of Corynecin I was discussed on the basis of the incorporation experiments with acetate, pyruvate and L-alanine, all labeled with /sup 14/C.