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Improved procedure for high purity gaseous peroxyacyl nitrate production: use of heavy lipid solvents

Journal Article:

Abstract

An improved procedure is described for the production of peroxyacyl nitrates (PAN's) in the gas phase. The method of Nielsen et al. (1982) has been modified to yield PAN's of high purity with no further chromatographic purification required. Extraction of PAN's from the nitration of the peracids is accomplished by use of a heavy lipid solvent (n-tridecane). This solvent's low vapor pressure allows the simple separation and preparation of high purity gaseous PAN's (>98%) as determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Using this method infrared integrated band strengths are reported for peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) perdeutero-peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN-D/sub 3/) and peroxyproprionyl nitrate (PPN). The method allows facile production of large amounts of gaseous PAN's for smog chamber and laboratory studies, toxicological and health effects research, as well as for calibration of PAN analyses.
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1984
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
ERA-09-026478; EDB-84-093006
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Atmos. Environ.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 18:1
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; LIPIDS; SOLVENT PROPERTIES; PEROXYACETYL NITRATE; SOLVENT EXTRACTION; SYNTHESIS; AIR POLLUTION MONITORS; CALIBRATION; EXPOSURE CHAMBERS; FOURIER ANALYSIS; INFRARED SPECTROMETERS; USES; ESTERS; EXTRACTION; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; MONITORS; NITRATES; NITRIC ACID ESTERS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SPECTROMETERS; 400105* - Separation Procedures; 500200 - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
7119647
Research Organizations:
Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Contract Number:
AC02-76CH00016
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: ATENB
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 215-218
Announcement Date:
May 01, 1984

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Gaffney, J S, Fajer, R, and Senum, G I. Improved procedure for high purity gaseous peroxyacyl nitrate production: use of heavy lipid solvents. United Kingdom: N. p., 1984. Web.
Gaffney, J S, Fajer, R, & Senum, G I. Improved procedure for high purity gaseous peroxyacyl nitrate production: use of heavy lipid solvents. United Kingdom.
Gaffney, J S, Fajer, R, and Senum, G I. 1984. "Improved procedure for high purity gaseous peroxyacyl nitrate production: use of heavy lipid solvents." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_7119647,
title = {Improved procedure for high purity gaseous peroxyacyl nitrate production: use of heavy lipid solvents}
author = {Gaffney, J S, Fajer, R, and Senum, G I}
abstractNote = {An improved procedure is described for the production of peroxyacyl nitrates (PAN's) in the gas phase. The method of Nielsen et al. (1982) has been modified to yield PAN's of high purity with no further chromatographic purification required. Extraction of PAN's from the nitration of the peracids is accomplished by use of a heavy lipid solvent (n-tridecane). This solvent's low vapor pressure allows the simple separation and preparation of high purity gaseous PAN's (>98%) as determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Using this method infrared integrated band strengths are reported for peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) perdeutero-peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN-D/sub 3/) and peroxyproprionyl nitrate (PPN). The method allows facile production of large amounts of gaseous PAN's for smog chamber and laboratory studies, toxicological and health effects research, as well as for calibration of PAN analyses.}
journal = {Atmos. Environ.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {18:1}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1984}
month = {Jan}
}