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Behavior and transport of industrially derived plutonium in the Great Miami River, Ohio

Journal Article:

Abstract

Periodic discharges of industrial waste water containing small amounts of plutonium (/sup 238/Pu) into the Great Miami River of southwestern Ohio were studied to characterize the behavior of industrially derived plutonium in a flowing aquatic system. After entering this river, the plutonium rapidly separates into two components, one smaller than 0.45..mu..m (filterable) and one associated with larger suspended sediments (non-filterable). At any point downstream during the passage of a pulse, the ratio of filterable to non-filterable plutonium is about 1.0, while between pulses this ratio is in the range of 0.05-0.35. Mass balance calculations for one of these pulses showed that at moderate flow conditions (approximately 1000cf/s) about 60% of the effluent plutonium is lost through sedimentation within 9.7 km of the discharge point, but that continual resuspension of riverbed sediment results in a consistently high background plutonium flux between pulses.
Authors:
Muller, R N; Sprugel, D G; Wayman, C W; Bartelt, G E; Bobula, C M [1] 
  1. Argonne National Lab., Ill. (USA)
Publication Date:
Nov 01, 1977
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
AIX-09-365312; EDB-78-091772
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Health Phys.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 33:5
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; MOUND LABORATORY; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; PLUTONIUM; TRANSLOCATION; RIVERS; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; SEDIMENTS; FILTRATION; FLOW RATE; FLUID FLOW; LIQUID WASTES; OHIO; PARTICLE SIZE; SUSPENSIONS; ACTINIDES; DISPERSIONS; ELEMENTS; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; GREAT LAKES REGION; MANAGEMENT; MASS TRANSFER; METALS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; NORTH AMERICA; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SIZE; STREAMS; SURFACE WATERS; TRANSURANIUM ELEMENTS; US AEC; US ERDA; US ORGANIZATIONS; USA; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; 520301* - Environment, Aquatic- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- Water- (1987)
OSTI ID:
7091763
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: HLTPA
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 411-416
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Muller, R N, Sprugel, D G, Wayman, C W, Bartelt, G E, and Bobula, C M. Behavior and transport of industrially derived plutonium in the Great Miami River, Ohio. United Kingdom: N. p., 1977. Web.
Muller, R N, Sprugel, D G, Wayman, C W, Bartelt, G E, & Bobula, C M. Behavior and transport of industrially derived plutonium in the Great Miami River, Ohio. United Kingdom.
Muller, R N, Sprugel, D G, Wayman, C W, Bartelt, G E, and Bobula, C M. 1977. "Behavior and transport of industrially derived plutonium in the Great Miami River, Ohio." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_7091763,
title = {Behavior and transport of industrially derived plutonium in the Great Miami River, Ohio}
author = {Muller, R N, Sprugel, D G, Wayman, C W, Bartelt, G E, and Bobula, C M}
abstractNote = {Periodic discharges of industrial waste water containing small amounts of plutonium (/sup 238/Pu) into the Great Miami River of southwestern Ohio were studied to characterize the behavior of industrially derived plutonium in a flowing aquatic system. After entering this river, the plutonium rapidly separates into two components, one smaller than 0.45..mu..m (filterable) and one associated with larger suspended sediments (non-filterable). At any point downstream during the passage of a pulse, the ratio of filterable to non-filterable plutonium is about 1.0, while between pulses this ratio is in the range of 0.05-0.35. Mass balance calculations for one of these pulses showed that at moderate flow conditions (approximately 1000cf/s) about 60% of the effluent plutonium is lost through sedimentation within 9.7 km of the discharge point, but that continual resuspension of riverbed sediment results in a consistently high background plutonium flux between pulses.}
journal = {Health Phys.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {33:5}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1977}
month = {Nov}
}