You need JavaScript to view this

Predicting degradability of organic chemicals

Journal Article:

Abstract

Degradability, particularly biodegradability, is one of the most important factors governing the persistence of pollutants in the environment and consequently influencing their behavior and toxicity in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. The need for reliable persistence data in order to assess the environmental fate and hazard of chemicals by means of predictive approaches, is evident. Biodegradability tests are requested by the EEC directive on new chemicals. Neverthless, degradation tests are not easy to carry out and data on existing chemicals are very scarce. Therefore, assessing the fate of chemicals in the environment from the simple study of their structure would be a useful tool. Rates of degradation are a function of the rates of a series of processes. Correlation between degradation rates and structural parameters are will be facilitated if one of the processes is rate determining. This review is a survey of studies dealing with relationships between structure and biodegradation of organic chemicals, to identify the value and limitations of this approach.
Authors:
Finizio, A; Vighi, M [1] 
  1. Milan Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Entomologia Agraria
Publication Date:
May 01, 1992
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
ITA-93-000225; EDB-93-055129
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Ingegneria Ambientale: Inquinamento e Depurazione; (Italy); Journal Volume: 21:5
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; BIODEGRADATION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; TOXIC MATERIALS; CORRELATIONS; EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION LAWS; PROBABILISTIC ESTIMATION; RISK ASSESSMENT; TESTING; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DECOMPOSITION; INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; LAWS; MATERIALS; 540220* - Environment, Terrestrial- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-); 540320 - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)
OSTI ID:
6944800
Country of Origin:
Italy
Language:
Italian
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0302-7775; CODEN: IGEABH
Submitting Site:
ITA
Size:
Pages: 245-250
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Finizio, A, and Vighi, M. Predicting degradability of organic chemicals. Italy: N. p., 1992. Web.
Finizio, A, & Vighi, M. Predicting degradability of organic chemicals. Italy.
Finizio, A, and Vighi, M. 1992. "Predicting degradability of organic chemicals." Italy.
@misc{etde_6944800,
title = {Predicting degradability of organic chemicals}
author = {Finizio, A, and Vighi, M}
abstractNote = {Degradability, particularly biodegradability, is one of the most important factors governing the persistence of pollutants in the environment and consequently influencing their behavior and toxicity in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. The need for reliable persistence data in order to assess the environmental fate and hazard of chemicals by means of predictive approaches, is evident. Biodegradability tests are requested by the EEC directive on new chemicals. Neverthless, degradation tests are not easy to carry out and data on existing chemicals are very scarce. Therefore, assessing the fate of chemicals in the environment from the simple study of their structure would be a useful tool. Rates of degradation are a function of the rates of a series of processes. Correlation between degradation rates and structural parameters are will be facilitated if one of the processes is rate determining. This review is a survey of studies dealing with relationships between structure and biodegradation of organic chemicals, to identify the value and limitations of this approach.}
journal = {Ingegneria Ambientale: Inquinamento e Depurazione; (Italy)}
volume = {21:5}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Italy}
year = {1992}
month = {May}
}