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Present and future prospects of accelerator mass spectrometry

Abstract

Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) has become a powerful technique for measuring extremely low abundances (10/sup -10/ to 10/sup -15/ relative to stable isotopes) of long-lived radioisotopes with half-lives in the range from 10/sup 2/ to 10/sup 8/ years. With a few exceptions, tandem accelerators turned out to be the most useful instruments for AMS measurements. Both natural (mostly cosmogenic) and manmade (anthropogenic) radioisotopes are studied with this technique. In some cases very low concentrations of stable isotopes are also measured. Applications of AMS cover a large variety of fields including anthropology, archaeology, oceanography, hydrology, climatology, volcanology, mineral exploration, cosmochemistry, meteoritics, glaciology, sedimentary processes, geochronology, environmental physics, astrophysics, nuclear and particle physics. Present and future prospects of AMS will be discussed as an interplay between the continuous development of new techniques and the investigation of problems in the above mentioned field. Depending on the specific problem to be investigated, different aspects of an AMS system are of importance. Typical factors to be considered are energy range and type of accelerator, and the possibilities of dedicated versus partial use of new or existing accelerators.
Authors:
Publication Date:
May 20, 1988
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
CONF-870498-
Reference Number:
AIX-19-073285; EDB-88-142755
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A.; (Netherlands); Journal Volume: 268:2/3; Conference: 7. tandem conference, Berlin, F.R. Germany, 6 Apr 1987
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; MASS SPECTROSCOPY; REVIEWS; ARCHAEOLOGY; ASTROPHYSICS; CALCIUM 41; CARBON 14; CHLORINE 36; CLIMATES; DEAD SEA; GEOLOGIC SURVEYS; HEAVY ION ACCELERATORS; HYDROLOGY; ISOTOPE DATING; MAGNETIC SPECTROMETERS; NEUTRINO DETECTION; OCEANOGRAPHY; PROGRESS REPORT; SEDIMENTATION; SOLAR NEUTRINOS; TANDEM ELECTROSTATIC ACCELERATORS; ACCELERATORS; AGE ESTIMATION; ALKALINE EARTH ISOTOPES; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CALCIUM ISOTOPES; CARBON ISOTOPES; CHLORINE ISOTOPES; DETECTION; DOCUMENT TYPES; ELECTRON CAPTURE RADIOISOTOPES; ELECTROSTATIC ACCELERATORS; ELEMENTARY PARTICLES; EVEN-EVEN NUCLEI; EVEN-ODD NUCLEI; FERMIONS; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; ISOTOPES; LAKES; LEPTONS; LIGHT NUCLEI; MASSLESS PARTICLES; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; NEUTRINOS; NUCLEI; ODD-ODD NUCLEI; RADIATION DETECTION; RADIATIONS; RADIOISOTOPES; SOLAR PARTICLES; SOLAR RADIATION; SPECTROMETERS; SPECTROSCOPY; STELLAR RADIATION; SURFACE WATERS; SURVEYS; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 440103* - Radiation Instrumentation- Nuclear Spectroscopic Instrumentation
OSTI ID:
6907253
Research Organizations:
Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: NIMAE
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 552-560
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Kutschera, W. Present and future prospects of accelerator mass spectrometry. Netherlands: N. p., 1988. Web.
Kutschera, W. Present and future prospects of accelerator mass spectrometry. Netherlands.
Kutschera, W. 1988. "Present and future prospects of accelerator mass spectrometry." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_6907253,
title = {Present and future prospects of accelerator mass spectrometry}
author = {Kutschera, W}
abstractNote = {Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) has become a powerful technique for measuring extremely low abundances (10/sup -10/ to 10/sup -15/ relative to stable isotopes) of long-lived radioisotopes with half-lives in the range from 10/sup 2/ to 10/sup 8/ years. With a few exceptions, tandem accelerators turned out to be the most useful instruments for AMS measurements. Both natural (mostly cosmogenic) and manmade (anthropogenic) radioisotopes are studied with this technique. In some cases very low concentrations of stable isotopes are also measured. Applications of AMS cover a large variety of fields including anthropology, archaeology, oceanography, hydrology, climatology, volcanology, mineral exploration, cosmochemistry, meteoritics, glaciology, sedimentary processes, geochronology, environmental physics, astrophysics, nuclear and particle physics. Present and future prospects of AMS will be discussed as an interplay between the continuous development of new techniques and the investigation of problems in the above mentioned field. Depending on the specific problem to be investigated, different aspects of an AMS system are of importance. Typical factors to be considered are energy range and type of accelerator, and the possibilities of dedicated versus partial use of new or existing accelerators.}
journal = {Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A.; (Netherlands)}
volume = {268:2/3}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1988}
month = {May}
}