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Radioactivity in north European waters: report of Working Group 2 of CEC project MARINA

Abstract

The primary objective of Working Group 2 of Project MARINA was to consider recent measurements of environmental radioactivity in north European waters and to use this, and other information, to report the likely magnitude of doses to the critical group from marine pathways. The monitoring data were supplemented, where appropriate, with predictions from simple models. The major sources of radioactivity studied were as follows: (i) liquid wastes from nuclear fuel reprocessing plants; (ii) liquid wastes from nuclear power plants and other major nuclear industry sites; (iii) solid waste disposal in the deep north-east Atlantic; (iv) fallout from Chernobyl; and (v) naturally-occurring radionuclides. Some of the largest doses from marine pathways are predicted for naturally-occurring radionuclides. In this case, the dominant radionuclide is polonium-210 and the dominant pathway is via consumption of molluscan species. The highest doses from the nuclear industry were due to the operation of the reprocessing plant at Sellafield. Discharges from this site have been decreasing substantially in recent years and, as a consequence, doses have also been reducing. (author).
Authors:
Camplin, W C; [1]  Aarkrog, A [2] 
  1. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Lowestoft (UK). Directorate of Fisheries Research
  2. Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark)
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1989
Product Type:
Book
Reference Number:
AIX-21-042672; EDB-90-081069
Resource Relation:
Journal Volume: no. 20; Related Information: Fisheries Research Data Report
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; BAY OF BISCAY; RADIOACTIVITY; IRISH SEA; NORTH SEA; CESIUM 137; CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR; COGEMA LA HAGUE; COMPILED DATA; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE PATHWAY; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; SEAFOOD; SELLAFIELD REPROCESSING PLANT; ALKALI METAL ISOTOPES; ATLANTIC OCEAN; BAYS; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; CESIUM ISOTOPES; COGEMA; DATA; DOSES; ENRICHED URANIUM REACTORS; FISH PRODUCTS; FOOD; FRENCH ORGANIZATIONS; FUEL REPROCESSING PLANTS; GRAPHITE MODERATED REACTORS; INFORMATION; ISOTOPES; LWGR TYPE REACTORS; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUCLEI; NUMERICAL DATA; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; POWER PLANTS; POWER REACTORS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIOISOTOPES; REACTORS; SEAS; SURFACE WATERS; THERMAL POWER PLANTS; THERMAL REACTORS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTES; WATER COOLED REACTORS; YEARS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; 540330* - Environment, Aquatic- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (1990-); 220500 - Nuclear Reactor Technology- Environmental Aspects; 052002 - Nuclear Fuels- Waste Disposal & Storage; 050800 - Nuclear Fuels- Spent Fuels Reprocessing; 053000 - Nuclear Fuels- Environmental Aspects
OSTI ID:
6906685
Research Organizations:
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Lowestoft (UK). Directorate of Fisheries Research
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
GBN
Size:
Pages: (121 p)
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Camplin, W C, and Aarkrog, A. Radioactivity in north European waters: report of Working Group 2 of CEC project MARINA. United Kingdom: N. p., 1989. Web.
Camplin, W C, & Aarkrog, A. Radioactivity in north European waters: report of Working Group 2 of CEC project MARINA. United Kingdom.
Camplin, W C, and Aarkrog, A. 1989. "Radioactivity in north European waters: report of Working Group 2 of CEC project MARINA." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6906685,
title = {Radioactivity in north European waters: report of Working Group 2 of CEC project MARINA}
author = {Camplin, W C, and Aarkrog, A}
abstractNote = {The primary objective of Working Group 2 of Project MARINA was to consider recent measurements of environmental radioactivity in north European waters and to use this, and other information, to report the likely magnitude of doses to the critical group from marine pathways. The monitoring data were supplemented, where appropriate, with predictions from simple models. The major sources of radioactivity studied were as follows: (i) liquid wastes from nuclear fuel reprocessing plants; (ii) liquid wastes from nuclear power plants and other major nuclear industry sites; (iii) solid waste disposal in the deep north-east Atlantic; (iv) fallout from Chernobyl; and (v) naturally-occurring radionuclides. Some of the largest doses from marine pathways are predicted for naturally-occurring radionuclides. In this case, the dominant radionuclide is polonium-210 and the dominant pathway is via consumption of molluscan species. The highest doses from the nuclear industry were due to the operation of the reprocessing plant at Sellafield. Discharges from this site have been decreasing substantially in recent years and, as a consequence, doses have also been reducing. (author).}
volume = {no. 20}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1989}
month = {Jan}
}