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Effects of an oil spill on American lobster (Homarus americanus) from Placentia Bay, Newfoundland

Abstract

In March 1988 an accidental spill of ca 500 bbl of crude oil occurred during the unloading of a tanker at a Newfoundland oil refinery. Studies of selected parameters were undertaken to determine the possible short-and long-term effects on the local lobster fishery. Sensory analyses were carried out to ascertain the effects of the oil on the taste and odor of lobster. Lobster muscle and hepatopancreas were analyzed for PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon) content and levels of gill browning were determined. Sediments were sampled at various locations in the bay where the spill occurred and levels of PAHs were determined in an attempt to delineate the extent of contamination. Results from the sensory analyses indicate that there was no tainting of lobster samples obtained from the area. There was also no evidence of gill browning or of elevated levels of PAHs in either tail muscle or hepatopancreas. Elevated levels of PAH were not detected in any of the sediments from the bay. The results indicate that lobsters were not contaminated as a result of the oil spill. Based on the results of analyses of sediments for PAHs, future contamination, as a result of the spill at the oil refinery wharf,  More>>
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1988
Product Type:
Book
Report Number:
MICROLOG-90-04321
Reference Number:
CANM-90-006457; EDB-90-144886
Resource Relation:
Related Information: Canadian technical report of fisheries and aquatic sciences, No. 1650
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; NEWFOUNDLAND; OIL SPILLS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; LOBSTERS; ORGANOLEPTIC PROPERTIES; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; AROMATICS; ARTHROPODS; CANADA; CRUSTACEANS; DECAPODS; HYDROCARBONS; INVERTEBRATES; ISLANDS; NORTH AMERICA; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; 020900* - Petroleum- Environmental Aspects; 560300 - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology
OSTI ID:
6897708
Research Organizations:
Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Ottawa, ON (Canada)
Country of Origin:
Canada
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0706-6457
Availability:
PC Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Scientific Publications, 200 Kent St, 14th Floor, Ottawa, ON, CAN K1A 0E6; MF CANMET/TID, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 555 Booth St., Ottawa, Ont., Canada K1A 0G1.
Submitting Site:
CANM
Size:
Pages: (15 p)
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Wiliams, U P, Kiceniuk, J W, Ryder, J E, and Botta, J R. Effects of an oil spill on American lobster (Homarus americanus) from Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. Canada: N. p., 1988. Web.
Wiliams, U P, Kiceniuk, J W, Ryder, J E, & Botta, J R. Effects of an oil spill on American lobster (Homarus americanus) from Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. Canada.
Wiliams, U P, Kiceniuk, J W, Ryder, J E, and Botta, J R. 1988. "Effects of an oil spill on American lobster (Homarus americanus) from Placentia Bay, Newfoundland." Canada.
@misc{etde_6897708,
title = {Effects of an oil spill on American lobster (Homarus americanus) from Placentia Bay, Newfoundland}
author = {Wiliams, U P, Kiceniuk, J W, Ryder, J E, and Botta, J R}
abstractNote = {In March 1988 an accidental spill of ca 500 bbl of crude oil occurred during the unloading of a tanker at a Newfoundland oil refinery. Studies of selected parameters were undertaken to determine the possible short-and long-term effects on the local lobster fishery. Sensory analyses were carried out to ascertain the effects of the oil on the taste and odor of lobster. Lobster muscle and hepatopancreas were analyzed for PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon) content and levels of gill browning were determined. Sediments were sampled at various locations in the bay where the spill occurred and levels of PAHs were determined in an attempt to delineate the extent of contamination. Results from the sensory analyses indicate that there was no tainting of lobster samples obtained from the area. There was also no evidence of gill browning or of elevated levels of PAHs in either tail muscle or hepatopancreas. Elevated levels of PAH were not detected in any of the sediments from the bay. The results indicate that lobsters were not contaminated as a result of the oil spill. Based on the results of analyses of sediments for PAHs, future contamination, as a result of the spill at the oil refinery wharf, is not anticipated. 18 refs., 6 tabs.}
place = {Canada}
year = {1988}
month = {Oct}
}