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Influence of surface mining on ground water (effects and possibilities of prevention)

Journal Article:

Abstract

This article analyzes the negative impact of surface mining on ground water. The effects of water depression on water supply for households and industry, and for vegetation and agriculture are evaluated. The negative impact of lowering the ground water level under various water conditions are analyzed: (1) vegetation is supplied with water only by rainfall, (2) vegetation is supplied with water in some seasons by rainfall and in some by ground water, and (3) vegetation uses ground water only. The impact of deteriorating water supply on forests is discussed. Problems connected with storage of waste materials in abandoned surface mines are also discussed. The influence of black coal ash and waste material from coal preparation plants on ground water is analyzed: penetration of some elements and chemical compounds to the ground water and its pollution. Some preventive measures are proposed: injection of grout in the bottom and walls of storage areas to reduce their permeability (organic resins can also be used but they are more expensive). The distance between injection boreholes should be 15 to 20 m. Covering the bottom of the storage area with plastic sheets can also be applied.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1977
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-84-154454
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Gorn. Odkrywkowe; (Poland); Journal Volume: 19:1/2
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; GROUND WATER; AVAILABILITY; SURFACE MINING; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; AQUIFERS; BROWN COAL; COAL MINING; FORESTS; GROUTING; LEACHING; PERMEABILITY; SEALS; SPOIL BANKS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WATER SUPPLY; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; COAL; DISSOLUTION; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; MANAGEMENT; MATERIALS; MINING; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WATER; 010900* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Environmental Aspects; 010800 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Waste Management; 012000 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Mining
OSTI ID:
6850395
Country of Origin:
Poland
Language:
Polish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: GROKA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 42-46
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Libicki, J. Influence of surface mining on ground water (effects and possibilities of prevention). Poland: N. p., 1977. Web.
Libicki, J. Influence of surface mining on ground water (effects and possibilities of prevention). Poland.
Libicki, J. 1977. "Influence of surface mining on ground water (effects and possibilities of prevention)." Poland.
@misc{etde_6850395,
title = {Influence of surface mining on ground water (effects and possibilities of prevention)}
author = {Libicki, J}
abstractNote = {This article analyzes the negative impact of surface mining on ground water. The effects of water depression on water supply for households and industry, and for vegetation and agriculture are evaluated. The negative impact of lowering the ground water level under various water conditions are analyzed: (1) vegetation is supplied with water only by rainfall, (2) vegetation is supplied with water in some seasons by rainfall and in some by ground water, and (3) vegetation uses ground water only. The impact of deteriorating water supply on forests is discussed. Problems connected with storage of waste materials in abandoned surface mines are also discussed. The influence of black coal ash and waste material from coal preparation plants on ground water is analyzed: penetration of some elements and chemical compounds to the ground water and its pollution. Some preventive measures are proposed: injection of grout in the bottom and walls of storage areas to reduce their permeability (organic resins can also be used but they are more expensive). The distance between injection boreholes should be 15 to 20 m. Covering the bottom of the storage area with plastic sheets can also be applied.}
journal = {Gorn. Odkrywkowe; (Poland)}
volume = {19:1/2}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Poland}
year = {1977}
month = {Jan}
}