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Riffle zoobenthos in streams receiving acid mine drainage

Journal Article:

Abstract

The bottom fauna of a stream polluted by acid mine drainage, was studied, using the standard methods of sample collecting. In localities immediately influenced by mine drainage, where very low pH values and high acidities prevail, the effect of acid mine wastes on the ecology and composition of the benthic fauna is, in general, similar to the effect of organic pollution. In these areas we found high numbers of individuals comprised of a few species. In the zones of active neutralization, where iron hydroxides are deposited, species diversity slightly increases but the biomass is very low. The most numerous invertebrates in the stream sections exhibiting high acidity and low pH are midge larvae, especially Tendipes gr. riparius. The number of insect groups present increases steadily with progressive neutralization until crustacea (amphipoda) and oligochaeta appear, indicating considerable improvement in water quality. The supply of desirable benthic fish food (Tendipes ssp.) is very high in the parts of the stream where low pH, high acidity, and high ferrous iron concentrations prevail. Unfortunately, fish cannot survive under these conditions to utilize this abundant food supply. On the other hand, in the less acidic zones, where fish could possibly survive, the deposition of ferric  More>>
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1972
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-84-087071
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Water Res.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 6
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; ACID MINE DRAINAGE; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; FISHES; NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY; ACIDIFICATION; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; BENTHOS; CRUSTACEANS; ECOLOGICAL SUCCESSION; INSECTS; IRON COMPOUNDS; IRON HYDROXIDES; PH VALUE; POPULATION DYNAMICS; SPECIES DIVERSITY; WATER POLLUTION; ANIMALS; ARTHROPODS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; HYDROXIDES; INVERTEBRATES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; TRANSITION ELEMENT COMPOUNDS; VERTEBRATES; 560304* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Invertebrates- (-1987); 560305 - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Vertebrates- (-1987); 520200 - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 010900 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Environmental Aspects
OSTI ID:
6846855
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: WATRA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 1239-1247
Announcement Date:
Aug 01, 1983

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Koryak, M, Shapiro, M A, and Sykora, J L. Riffle zoobenthos in streams receiving acid mine drainage. United Kingdom: N. p., 1972. Web.
Koryak, M, Shapiro, M A, & Sykora, J L. Riffle zoobenthos in streams receiving acid mine drainage. United Kingdom.
Koryak, M, Shapiro, M A, and Sykora, J L. 1972. "Riffle zoobenthos in streams receiving acid mine drainage." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6846855,
title = {Riffle zoobenthos in streams receiving acid mine drainage}
author = {Koryak, M, Shapiro, M A, and Sykora, J L}
abstractNote = {The bottom fauna of a stream polluted by acid mine drainage, was studied, using the standard methods of sample collecting. In localities immediately influenced by mine drainage, where very low pH values and high acidities prevail, the effect of acid mine wastes on the ecology and composition of the benthic fauna is, in general, similar to the effect of organic pollution. In these areas we found high numbers of individuals comprised of a few species. In the zones of active neutralization, where iron hydroxides are deposited, species diversity slightly increases but the biomass is very low. The most numerous invertebrates in the stream sections exhibiting high acidity and low pH are midge larvae, especially Tendipes gr. riparius. The number of insect groups present increases steadily with progressive neutralization until crustacea (amphipoda) and oligochaeta appear, indicating considerable improvement in water quality. The supply of desirable benthic fish food (Tendipes ssp.) is very high in the parts of the stream where low pH, high acidity, and high ferrous iron concentrations prevail. Unfortunately, fish cannot survive under these conditions to utilize this abundant food supply. On the other hand, in the less acidic zones, where fish could possibly survive, the deposition of ferric iron drastically diminishes the total biomass of benthic organisms and therefore severely limits fish populations.}
journal = {Water Res.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {6}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1972}
month = {Jan}
}