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Inventory, distribution, and origin of aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in sea water, the surface microlayer, and the aerosols in the tropical Eastern Atlantic

Journal Article:

Abstract

Hydrocarbons have been analyzed in several samples from ''Midlante'' cruise, Cape Verde islands-Canary islands, in the Eastern tropical Atlantic: subsurface water, sea surface microlayer collected by a metallic screen and aerosols collected by filtration of large air volumes at about 12 m. above the sea surface. Detailed analysis of aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons has been made by computerized gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. This study of the air/sea interface indicates a discontinuity in hydrocarbon composition between the underlying water and the microlayer and a similarity between the surface microlayer and the aerosols. The origin of the collected aerosols is essentially marine with a minor terrestrial contribution. The hydrocarbon pattern shows that, superimposed on the typical marine components, a contribution from smokes of natural and industrial origin and/or from pollution associated with crude oil sea slicks is present.
Publication Date:
Mar 20, 1978
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-78-098431
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. D; (France); Journal Volume: 286:11
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; AEROSOLS; HALOGENATED ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS; HALOGENATED AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; AIR POLLUTION; MONITORING; ATLANTIC OCEAN; WATER POLLUTION; SEAWATER; SURFACE AIR; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY; MASS SPECTROSCOPY; OIL SPILLS; TROPICAL REGIONS; AIR; AROMATICS; CHROMATOGRAPHY; COLLOIDS; DISPERSIONS; FLUIDS; GASES; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; SEAS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SOLS; SPECTROSCOPY; SURFACE WATERS; WATER; 500200* - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 520200 - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 400102 - Chemical & Spectral Procedures; 400104 - Spectral Procedures- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
6818805
Research Organizations:
Universite Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Paris
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: CHDDA
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 833-836
Announcement Date:
Sep 01, 1978

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Marty, J C, Saliot, A, and Tissier, M J. Inventory, distribution, and origin of aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in sea water, the surface microlayer, and the aerosols in the tropical Eastern Atlantic. France: N. p., 1978. Web.
Marty, J C, Saliot, A, & Tissier, M J. Inventory, distribution, and origin of aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in sea water, the surface microlayer, and the aerosols in the tropical Eastern Atlantic. France.
Marty, J C, Saliot, A, and Tissier, M J. 1978. "Inventory, distribution, and origin of aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in sea water, the surface microlayer, and the aerosols in the tropical Eastern Atlantic." France.
@misc{etde_6818805,
title = {Inventory, distribution, and origin of aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons in sea water, the surface microlayer, and the aerosols in the tropical Eastern Atlantic}
author = {Marty, J C, Saliot, A, and Tissier, M J}
abstractNote = {Hydrocarbons have been analyzed in several samples from ''Midlante'' cruise, Cape Verde islands-Canary islands, in the Eastern tropical Atlantic: subsurface water, sea surface microlayer collected by a metallic screen and aerosols collected by filtration of large air volumes at about 12 m. above the sea surface. Detailed analysis of aliphatic and polyaromatic hydrocarbons has been made by computerized gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. This study of the air/sea interface indicates a discontinuity in hydrocarbon composition between the underlying water and the microlayer and a similarity between the surface microlayer and the aerosols. The origin of the collected aerosols is essentially marine with a minor terrestrial contribution. The hydrocarbon pattern shows that, superimposed on the typical marine components, a contribution from smokes of natural and industrial origin and/or from pollution associated with crude oil sea slicks is present.}
journal = {C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. D; (France)}
volume = {286:11}
journal type = {AC}
place = {France}
year = {1978}
month = {Mar}
}