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Environmental aspects of battery and fuel cell technologies

Miscellaneous:

Abstract

The PA Consulting Group was commissioned by the Longer Term Studies Unit, Research and Technology Policy Division and Information and Manufacturing Technologies Division, Dept. of Trade and Industry to investigate possible environmental initiatives which might be driven by the European Commission and which could promote interest in alternative energy sources, particularly batteries and fuel cells. Findings confirmed that there is a role for fuel cells in power generation, the most commercially advanced technology being the phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC). Development of other systems such as Proton Exchange Membrane technology (PEMFC) and solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) should also continue. Emissions from fuel cells are lower than those of gas turbines, their main competitors for power generation applications below 100 MW. The study concluded that there is a role for both batteries or fuel cells in powering electric vehicles. Battery powered retrofitted vehicles have an environmental impact comparable to that of internal combustion engine powered vehicles and they could become commercially viable in the context of a carbon tax scenario. Purpose built electric vehicles would be even more attractive. From an environmental viewpoint, fuels cells based on proton membrane membrane technology seemed the best option for powering vehicles if the  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1992
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Reference Number:
CLA-93-050368; EDB-93-076854
Resource Relation:
Other Information: DTI/Pub 989/0.5K/10/92
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; FUEL CELLS; POWER GENERATION; ACID ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELLS; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; ALCOHOL FUEL CELLS; CARBON; COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS; DESIGN; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; EMISSION; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; ENERGY POLICY; ENERGY SOURCES; EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES; FUEL CELL POWER PLANTS; LEAD-ACID BATTERIES; LEGISLATION; LIFE-CYCLE COST; MARKET; MOLTEN CARBONATE FUEL CELLS; NICKEL CHLORIDES; NICKEL-CADMIUM BATTERIES; NICKEL-ZINC BATTERIES; NITROGEN OXIDES; PHOSPHORIC ACID; SERVICE LIFE; SODIUM; SOLID ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELLS; SOLID ELECTROLYTES; SULFUR; SULFUR DIOXIDE; TAXES; UNITED KINGDOM; ALKALI METALS; CHALCOGENIDES; CHLORIDES; CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; COST; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; DIRECT ENERGY CONVERTERS; ECONOMICS; EFFICIENCY; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; ELECTROLYTES; ELEMENTS; EUROPE; GOVERNMENT POLICIES; HALIDES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; HIGH-TEMPERATURE FUEL CELLS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INORGANIC ACIDS; INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; LIFETIME; METAL-METAL OXIDE BATTERIES; METALS; NICKEL COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NONMETALS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION ABATEMENT; POWER PLANTS; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; TRANSITION ELEMENT COMPOUNDS; VEHICLES; 300500* - Fuel Cells; 300501 - Fuel Cells- Design & Development; 300504 - Fuel Cells- Applications; 330300 - Advanced Propulsion Systems- Electric-Powered Systems; 250900 - Energy Storage- Batteries; 540120 - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)
OSTI ID:
6795412
Research Organizations:
PA Consulting Group, Royston (United Kingdom); Department of Trade and Industry, London (United Kingdom)
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Availability:
Department of Trade and Industry, Library and Information Centre, Room 101, 123 Victoria Street, London SW1E 6RB, UK
Submitting Site:
CLA
Size:
Pages: (167 p)
Announcement Date:
May 13, 2001

Miscellaneous:

Citation Formats

Not Available. Environmental aspects of battery and fuel cell technologies. United Kingdom: N. p., 1992. Web.
Not Available. Environmental aspects of battery and fuel cell technologies. United Kingdom.
Not Available. 1992. "Environmental aspects of battery and fuel cell technologies." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6795412,
title = {Environmental aspects of battery and fuel cell technologies}
author = {Not Available}
abstractNote = {The PA Consulting Group was commissioned by the Longer Term Studies Unit, Research and Technology Policy Division and Information and Manufacturing Technologies Division, Dept. of Trade and Industry to investigate possible environmental initiatives which might be driven by the European Commission and which could promote interest in alternative energy sources, particularly batteries and fuel cells. Findings confirmed that there is a role for fuel cells in power generation, the most commercially advanced technology being the phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC). Development of other systems such as Proton Exchange Membrane technology (PEMFC) and solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) should also continue. Emissions from fuel cells are lower than those of gas turbines, their main competitors for power generation applications below 100 MW. The study concluded that there is a role for both batteries or fuel cells in powering electric vehicles. Battery powered retrofitted vehicles have an environmental impact comparable to that of internal combustion engine powered vehicles and they could become commercially viable in the context of a carbon tax scenario. Purpose built electric vehicles would be even more attractive. From an environmental viewpoint, fuels cells based on proton membrane membrane technology seemed the best option for powering vehicles if the technical targets could be met.}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1992}
month = {Oct}
}