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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination of American lobster, Homarus americanus, in the proximity of a coal-coking plant

Journal Article:

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants resulting predominantly from anthropogenic pyrolytic and combustion processes. In addition to the usual methods of aerial and aqueous transport to the coastal marine environment substantial amounts of PAH are added through the use of products such as creosote, coal tar and coal tar pitch as preservative and antifouling agents in the marine environment. Many PAH compounds are known carcinogenic agents and are rapidly taken up by fish and shellfish from water. Therefore as human foodstuffs many of these shellfish species warrant monitoring for PAH. A study of PAH in lobster tissues has been carried out using lobsters captured in Sydney harbour, Nova Scotia, Canada. Two coal-coking ovens on the shore have discharged their liquid effluents into the harbour. Lobsters from this area were sampled in 1982 and 1984. This paper presents the materials and methods used in the sampling, the results and discussion of them. The results confirmed the ability of lobsters to accumulate extremely high amounts of PAH in their tissues. 14 references.
Publication Date:
Nov 01, 1986
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-87-052728
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.; (United States); Journal Volume: 37:5
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; LOBSTERS; MONITORING; POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS; UPTAKE; CANADA; CARCINOGENS; COAL TAR; COASTAL REGIONS; COKING PLANTS; COMBUSTION PRODUCTS; CREOSOTE; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; FISHES; LIQUID WASTES; MARINE SURVEYS; NOVA SCOTIA; POLLUTANTS; PYROLYSIS; SAMPLING; TRANSPORT; ANIMALS; AQUATIC ORGANISMS; AROMATICS; ARTHROPODS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CRUSTACEANS; DECAPODS; DECOMPOSITION; HYDROCARBONS; INDUSTRIAL PLANTS; INVERTEBRATES; NORTH AMERICA; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; SURVEYS; TAR; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; VERTEBRATES; WASTES; 010900* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Environmental Aspects; 016000 - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Health & Safety; 560300 - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology; 520200 - Environment, Aquatic- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
6762742
Research Organizations:
Halifax Fisheries Research Lab., Nova Scotia
Country of Origin:
United States
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: BECTA
Submitting Site:
CLA
Size:
Pages: 730-738
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Uthe, J F, and Musial, C J. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination of American lobster, Homarus americanus, in the proximity of a coal-coking plant. United States: N. p., 1986. Web. doi:10.1007/BF01607832.
Uthe, J F, & Musial, C J. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination of American lobster, Homarus americanus, in the proximity of a coal-coking plant. United States. doi:10.1007/BF01607832.
Uthe, J F, and Musial, C J. 1986. "Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination of American lobster, Homarus americanus, in the proximity of a coal-coking plant." United States. doi:10.1007/BF01607832. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1007/BF01607832.
@misc{etde_6762742,
title = {Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon contamination of American lobster, Homarus americanus, in the proximity of a coal-coking plant}
author = {Uthe, J F, and Musial, C J}
abstractNote = {Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants resulting predominantly from anthropogenic pyrolytic and combustion processes. In addition to the usual methods of aerial and aqueous transport to the coastal marine environment substantial amounts of PAH are added through the use of products such as creosote, coal tar and coal tar pitch as preservative and antifouling agents in the marine environment. Many PAH compounds are known carcinogenic agents and are rapidly taken up by fish and shellfish from water. Therefore as human foodstuffs many of these shellfish species warrant monitoring for PAH. A study of PAH in lobster tissues has been carried out using lobsters captured in Sydney harbour, Nova Scotia, Canada. Two coal-coking ovens on the shore have discharged their liquid effluents into the harbour. Lobsters from this area were sampled in 1982 and 1984. This paper presents the materials and methods used in the sampling, the results and discussion of them. The results confirmed the ability of lobsters to accumulate extremely high amounts of PAH in their tissues. 14 references.}
doi = {10.1007/BF01607832}
journal = {Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol.; (United States)}
volume = {37:5}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United States}
year = {1986}
month = {Nov}
}