A brief review of the development of nuclear science and technology in China is given. It is stated that the change of leadership in China has brought about a radical revision of the attitude towards the science and technology. In the plan of the development of nuclear science and technology adopted in 1973 a great emphasis is laid on investigations in the field of high energy physics. For instance, it is planned to construct, before 1983, a 30-50 GeV proton accelerator. A brief description is given of main nuclear research institutes in Phangshan, Peking and Shanghai which are shown to Western visitors. It is indicated that at these institutes there are the only two research reactors in China, a 3.5-MW LWR and 10 MW HWR, two cyclotrons and a 90-cm tokamak. These institutes also conduct investigations on solid-state physics, low-temperature physics, high-pressure physics, lasers, radiation biology, radiation chemistry, etc.