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Production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons

Conference:

Abstract

Hydrocarbons are the preferred starting materials for the industrial production of hydrogen. Most hydrogen is produced by steam reforming of light hydrocarbons. Partial oxidation of heavy oil and residue is used for the production of H/sub 2/ and synthesis gas in large plants. In both cases gas purification was improved. Hydrogen-rich gases like coke oven gas, refinery-offgas, and offgases from the chemical and petrochemical industry have high potential for becoming a major source of hydrogen. Processes for recovering H/sub 2/ (and by-products) are condensation and rectification at low temperatures and, most attractive and versatile for the production of very pure H/sub 2/, adsorption (PSA). The environmental impact of H/sub 2/ production lies mainly in the emission of CO/sub 2/ and heat. Other forms of pollution can be considerably reduced by conventional methods. The economy of H/sub 2/ production depends essentially on price and availability of the raw materials.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1984
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
CONF-8309245-
Reference Number:
FRG-84-08290; EDB-84-127673
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Chem.-Ing.-Tech.; (Germany, Federal Republic of); Journal Volume: 56:3; Conference: Annual meeting of process engineering experts, Nuernberg, F.R. Germany, 28 Sep 1983
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; PARTIAL OXIDATION PROCESSES; STEAM REFORMER PROCESSES; ECONOMICS; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; HYDROCARBONS; REVIEWS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DOCUMENT TYPES; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; REFORMER PROCESSES; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; 080103* - Hydrogen- Production- Steam Reformer Processes; 080109 - Hydrogen- Production- Partial Oxidation Processes
OSTI ID:
6714610
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
German
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: CITEA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 203-213
Announcement Date:
Jun 01, 1984

Conference:

Citation Formats

Lohmueller, R. Production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons. Germany: N. p., 1984. Web.
Lohmueller, R. Production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons. Germany.
Lohmueller, R. 1984. "Production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons." Germany.
@misc{etde_6714610,
title = {Production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons}
author = {Lohmueller, R}
abstractNote = {Hydrocarbons are the preferred starting materials for the industrial production of hydrogen. Most hydrogen is produced by steam reforming of light hydrocarbons. Partial oxidation of heavy oil and residue is used for the production of H/sub 2/ and synthesis gas in large plants. In both cases gas purification was improved. Hydrogen-rich gases like coke oven gas, refinery-offgas, and offgases from the chemical and petrochemical industry have high potential for becoming a major source of hydrogen. Processes for recovering H/sub 2/ (and by-products) are condensation and rectification at low temperatures and, most attractive and versatile for the production of very pure H/sub 2/, adsorption (PSA). The environmental impact of H/sub 2/ production lies mainly in the emission of CO/sub 2/ and heat. Other forms of pollution can be considerably reduced by conventional methods. The economy of H/sub 2/ production depends essentially on price and availability of the raw materials.}
journal = {Chem.-Ing.-Tech.; (Germany, Federal Republic of)}
volume = {56:3}
place = {Germany}
year = {1984}
month = {Mar}
}