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Rural Fuel-wood and Poles Research Project in Malawi: a general account

Journal Article:

Abstract

The Rural Fuel-wood and Poles Research Project was initiated to provide information about afforestation in the dry silvicultural zones. Plantation forestry in Malawi has concentrated on production of timber, poles, and pulpwood. It is estimated that 90% of Malawi's population of 5.5 million live in rural communities, and that the purely domestic wood requirement is 4.05 cubic m per family (of five) annually. In addition, wood is required for agricultural purposes such as tobacco curing. The remaining indigenous forest cannot meet the demand. There is an urgent need for plantations. Rather than simply planting trees, the aim is to make local communities self-sufficient in forest products. In view of the shortage of land, great emphasis is placed on trying species which have many end-uses-- e.g., poles, fuel-wood, mulch, fodder, and shade--and those which can be grown together with farm crops, a concept known as ''agroforestry.'' Over 20 ha of trials were established at locations in the three regions of the country. Acacia albida allows maize and other farm crops to grow under it, provides good shade and fodder, and--as legume--enriches the soil with nitrogen. Eucalypts were included because most produce straight poles for construction, are drought-hardy, and are rated higher  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1981
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-84-127963
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: S.Afr. For. J.; (South Africa); Journal Volume: 117
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; AGRICULTURE; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; CROPS; PRODUCTION; FORESTRY; MALAWI; WOOD; WOOD FUELS; BIOMASS PLANTATIONS; CULTIVATION TECHNIQUES; DRYING; EUCALYPTUSES; FIELD TESTS; LAND RESOURCES; PROCESS HEAT; REVEGETATION; TOBACCO; TREES; AFRICA; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; ENERGY; ENERGY SOURCES; FUELS; HEAT; INDUSTRY; PLANTS; TESTING; 090400* - Solid Waste & Wood Fuels- (-1989); 140504 - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989); 299003 - Energy Planning & Policy- Unconventional Sources & Power Generation- Other- (-1989); 290500 - Energy Planning & Policy- Research, Development, Demonstration, & Commercialization
OSTI ID:
6702450
Country of Origin:
South Africa
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: SAFJB
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 19-21
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Nkaonja, R S.W. Rural Fuel-wood and Poles Research Project in Malawi: a general account. South Africa: N. p., 1981. Web.
Nkaonja, R S.W. Rural Fuel-wood and Poles Research Project in Malawi: a general account. South Africa.
Nkaonja, R S.W. 1981. "Rural Fuel-wood and Poles Research Project in Malawi: a general account." South Africa.
@misc{etde_6702450,
title = {Rural Fuel-wood and Poles Research Project in Malawi: a general account}
author = {Nkaonja, R S.W.}
abstractNote = {The Rural Fuel-wood and Poles Research Project was initiated to provide information about afforestation in the dry silvicultural zones. Plantation forestry in Malawi has concentrated on production of timber, poles, and pulpwood. It is estimated that 90% of Malawi's population of 5.5 million live in rural communities, and that the purely domestic wood requirement is 4.05 cubic m per family (of five) annually. In addition, wood is required for agricultural purposes such as tobacco curing. The remaining indigenous forest cannot meet the demand. There is an urgent need for plantations. Rather than simply planting trees, the aim is to make local communities self-sufficient in forest products. In view of the shortage of land, great emphasis is placed on trying species which have many end-uses-- e.g., poles, fuel-wood, mulch, fodder, and shade--and those which can be grown together with farm crops, a concept known as ''agroforestry.'' Over 20 ha of trials were established at locations in the three regions of the country. Acacia albida allows maize and other farm crops to grow under it, provides good shade and fodder, and--as legume--enriches the soil with nitrogen. Eucalypts were included because most produce straight poles for construction, are drought-hardy, and are rated higher than Gmelina arborea in calorific value, durability, and strength. Another tree favored for its multiple uses is Leucaena leucocephala (Hawaiian giant), but it appears that there is considerable mixture of varieties in the seeds. With the exception of one trial at Bwanje, trials have not included farm crops, but the agroforestry element will be a very important consideration in future trials.}
journal = {S.Afr. For. J.; (South Africa)}
volume = {117}
journal type = {AC}
place = {South Africa}
year = {1981}
month = {Jan}
}