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Method of distillation of alum shale

Abstract

A method is given of distilling alum shale by means of preheated gases obtained from the process of distillation in which the gases are circulating within a system consisting of the retort, the condensation apparatus, and generator, each separate. It is characterized by leading the gases produced during the distillation through a condensation apparatus for separation of the condensable products, such as oil, benzene, ammonia, and sulfur, and the noncondensable gases are conveyed through one or more heated generators that have been charged with residue from the process of distillation (any superfluous amount of gas formed during the process being released). The heated gases are thereupon passed to the retort for completion of the distillation process.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Feb 03, 1920
Product Type:
Patent
Report Number:
SE 56008
Reference Number:
EDB-78-119510
Subject:
04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; OIL SHALES; DISTILLATION; AMMONIA; BENZENE; DESIGN; DISTILLATION EQUIPMENT; HEAT RECOVERY; RESIDUES; RETORTS; SHALE OIL; SULFUR; AROMATICS; BITUMINOUS MATERIALS; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CHEMICAL REACTORS; ELEMENTS; ENERGY RECOVERY; ENERGY SOURCES; EQUIPMENT; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; HYDRIDES; HYDROCARBONS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; MINERAL OILS; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN HYDRIDES; NONMETALS; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; RECOVERY; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SYNTHETIC FUELS; SYNTHETIC PETROLEUM; 040402* - Oil Shales & Tar Sands- Surface Methods
OSTI ID:
6684729
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
Pages: v
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Hultman, G H. Method of distillation of alum shale. Sweden: N. p., 1920. Web.
Hultman, G H. Method of distillation of alum shale. Sweden.
Hultman, G H. 1920. "Method of distillation of alum shale." Sweden.
@misc{etde_6684729,
title = {Method of distillation of alum shale}
author = {Hultman, G H}
abstractNote = {A method is given of distilling alum shale by means of preheated gases obtained from the process of distillation in which the gases are circulating within a system consisting of the retort, the condensation apparatus, and generator, each separate. It is characterized by leading the gases produced during the distillation through a condensation apparatus for separation of the condensable products, such as oil, benzene, ammonia, and sulfur, and the noncondensable gases are conveyed through one or more heated generators that have been charged with residue from the process of distillation (any superfluous amount of gas formed during the process being released). The heated gases are thereupon passed to the retort for completion of the distillation process.}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1920}
month = {Feb}
}