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Distilling carbonaceous materials

Abstract

In the distillation of carbonaceous material such as shale, coal, lignite, wood or liquid hydrocarbons, the material is mixed with a heated granular substance such as sand which supplies the necessary heat. The shale or the like, which may be preheated, is fed from a hopper by a worm conveyer to a tube leading into a retort, and the heated granular material such as sand is supplied from a jacketed container through a tube. On the lower end of a rotary shaft are radial arms to which are fixed angularly disposed blades which serve to mix the shale and hot sand and deliver the residue to a central discharge pipe closed at the bottom by a conical valve which opens when the weight of the superimposed material is sufficient. The distillates are taken off by an outlet. Steam vapor or gas may be supplied to the retort, preferably through a hollow shaft leading to hollow stirrers perforated to permit of the gas passing into the material. The retort may be externally heated by hot gases in the space surrounding the retort, and the latter may be divided by horizontal floors so that the material is caused to funnel from the  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Sep 01, 1921
Product Type:
Patent
Report Number:
GB 189542
Reference Number:
EDB-83-022689
Subject:
04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; DISTILLATION; CONVEYORS; DISTILLATES; HEATING; MIXING; REMOVAL; RETORTS; ROTATION; SAND; STEAM; CHEMICAL REACTORS; DISTILLATION EQUIPMENT; EQUIPMENT; HAULAGE EQUIPMENT; MATERIALS; MATERIALS HANDLING EQUIPMENT; MOTION; SEPARATION PROCESSES; 040403* - Oil Shales & Tar Sands- Refining; 010401 - Coal & Coal Products- Carbonization- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
6681379
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: v
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Ironside, T G. Distilling carbonaceous materials. United Kingdom: N. p., 1921. Web.
Ironside, T G. Distilling carbonaceous materials. United Kingdom.
Ironside, T G. 1921. "Distilling carbonaceous materials." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6681379,
title = {Distilling carbonaceous materials}
author = {Ironside, T G}
abstractNote = {In the distillation of carbonaceous material such as shale, coal, lignite, wood or liquid hydrocarbons, the material is mixed with a heated granular substance such as sand which supplies the necessary heat. The shale or the like, which may be preheated, is fed from a hopper by a worm conveyer to a tube leading into a retort, and the heated granular material such as sand is supplied from a jacketed container through a tube. On the lower end of a rotary shaft are radial arms to which are fixed angularly disposed blades which serve to mix the shale and hot sand and deliver the residue to a central discharge pipe closed at the bottom by a conical valve which opens when the weight of the superimposed material is sufficient. The distillates are taken off by an outlet. Steam vapor or gas may be supplied to the retort, preferably through a hollow shaft leading to hollow stirrers perforated to permit of the gas passing into the material. The retort may be externally heated by hot gases in the space surrounding the retort, and the latter may be divided by horizontal floors so that the material is caused to funnel from the periphery to the center of the floor, then through a central opening on to the floor next below, and from the center to the periphery of this floor, and so on.}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1921}
month = {Sep}
}