What does Chernobyl mean for the current discussion in the public on nuclear energy and its utilisation in the Federal Republic of Germany - what can it mean, and what should it mean. Is it the memento showing us that we ought to abandon nuclear energy. There are many people who now are prepared to do so; for them, the accident there radically changed the situation here - a conclusion which is far from being logical if one compares the Soviet design of nuclear power stations with our German standards. Chernobyl has raised emotions, but fear must not be the only factor determining the decision about an appropriate utilisation of nuclear energy. This is why this enlarged edition of the third, 1981 edition of 'Nuclear energy - a vote for good sense' is published now, with a preface and three chapters in the annex discussing the Chernobyl accident and its consequences. Surprisingly, the answers given five years ago to queries concerning the safety of the peaceful use of nuclear energy still are the same, and still valid.