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Biotechnological applications for the utilisation of wastes from palm oil mills

Conference:

Abstract

The milling of oil palm fruits produces about two-and-a-half to three times as much effluent as oil does. It also generates a large amount of lignocellulosic wastes, mainly in the form of empty fruit bunches, press cake fibres and nut shell. Research efforts at PORIM have been directed towards the utilisation of these wastes as a means to solve the problem of environmental pollution as well as for the generation of economic returns for the mills. We have studied a thermophilic contact process for the anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent and its potential for generating biogas for energy uses. Our work has also shown that the condensate derived from the fruit sterilisation process during milling is amenable to fermentation for the production of single cell protein (SCP) and exo-enzymes. The enzymes produced have been applied for oil clarification, oil recovery from press cake fibers and saccharification of the fibers for the production of sugar feedstocks. This paper will also introduce the concept of integrated waste management for the palm oil mill through the implementation of these technologies.
Publication Date:
May 01, 1988
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
CONF-8709319-
Reference Number:
DE-88-014882; EDB-89-007014
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Fett Wiss. Technol.; (Germany, Federal Republic of); Journal Volume: 90:5; Conference: World conference and exhibition on biotechnology for the fats and oils industry and annual meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Fettwissenschaft e.V. (DGF), Hamburg, F.R. Germany, 27 Sep 1987
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; AGRICULTURAL WASTES; WASTE PRODUCT UTILIZATION; BIOTECHNOLOGY; METHANE; PRODUCTION; OIL PALMS; VEGETABLE OILS; ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; ENZYMES; GAS YIELDS; MALAYSIA; MILLING; ORGANIC WASTES; PILOT PLANTS; SACCHARIFICATION; WASTE WATER; ALKANES; ASIA; BIOCONVERSION; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DECOMPOSITION; DIGESTION; FUNCTIONAL MODELS; HYDROCARBONS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; HYDROLYSIS; LIQUID WASTES; LYSIS; MACHINING; MANAGEMENT; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; PROCESSING; SOLVOLYSIS; TREES; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTES; WATER; YIELDS; 140504* - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
6634779
Research Organizations:
Palm Oil Research Inst. of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: FWTEE
Submitting Site:
DE
Size:
Pages: 536-540
Announcement Date:
Sep 01, 1988

Conference:

Citation Formats

Cheah, S C, Ma, A N, Ooi, L C.L., and Ong, A S.H. Biotechnological applications for the utilisation of wastes from palm oil mills. Germany: N. p., 1988. Web.
Cheah, S C, Ma, A N, Ooi, L C.L., & Ong, A S.H. Biotechnological applications for the utilisation of wastes from palm oil mills. Germany.
Cheah, S C, Ma, A N, Ooi, L C.L., and Ong, A S.H. 1988. "Biotechnological applications for the utilisation of wastes from palm oil mills." Germany.
@misc{etde_6634779,
title = {Biotechnological applications for the utilisation of wastes from palm oil mills}
author = {Cheah, S C, Ma, A N, Ooi, L C.L., and Ong, A S.H.}
abstractNote = {The milling of oil palm fruits produces about two-and-a-half to three times as much effluent as oil does. It also generates a large amount of lignocellulosic wastes, mainly in the form of empty fruit bunches, press cake fibres and nut shell. Research efforts at PORIM have been directed towards the utilisation of these wastes as a means to solve the problem of environmental pollution as well as for the generation of economic returns for the mills. We have studied a thermophilic contact process for the anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent and its potential for generating biogas for energy uses. Our work has also shown that the condensate derived from the fruit sterilisation process during milling is amenable to fermentation for the production of single cell protein (SCP) and exo-enzymes. The enzymes produced have been applied for oil clarification, oil recovery from press cake fibers and saccharification of the fibers for the production of sugar feedstocks. This paper will also introduce the concept of integrated waste management for the palm oil mill through the implementation of these technologies.}
journal = {Fett Wiss. Technol.; (Germany, Federal Republic of)}
volume = {90:5}
place = {Germany}
year = {1988}
month = {May}
}