The 1976 Japanese regulations for automobile exhaust are reviewed. Topics include: The meaning of the 1976 regulations, a comparison with those in the United States, problems with the regulations, the present status of technical developments to achieve the regulations, problems related to stratified charge engines, and attitudes and techniques of the big car makers. In an appendix, information on the Kumagaya engines, fuel consumption of various engines, and problems of vibration are presented. The main purpose of the 1976 regulations is to decrease the amount of nitrogen oxides in the exhaust gas to 0.25 g/km. The average carbon monoxide, hydrocarbon, and NOx levels for the Honda stratified charge engines are 1.4, 0.125, and 0.5 g/km. It is possible to reduce this content further. However, the driving characteristics of the cars deteriorate rapidly at lower NOx levels. According to the opinions of Toyota and Nissan, the two largest car makers in Japan, the practical NOx content is 1.0 to 1.1 g/kg from the standpoint of the technological level of the Japanese car industry in 1976.