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Sources of innovation in agricultural technology

Abstract

This paper focuses attention on environmental and biological characteristics of agriculture which shape the process of technical innovation. The interaction of natural selection and human purposive selection and experimentation is shown to result in a continuous process of innovation placing farmers in the informal R and D systems as well as scientists in formal R and D systems in an innovative treadmill. The importance and limitations of informal R and D are reviewed. A discussion of the characteristics and potential of formal R and D systems leads to the identification of some major problems of policy inherent in, and specific to, the organization and management of agricultural research resources. These include: genetic vulnerability, choices between environmentally specific or widely adapted technologies, the location of research activity, the linkages between agricultural producers and scientists, and methods for maintaining and strengthening informal R and D systems. 58 references, 2 figures.
Publication Date:
Apr 01, 1981
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EPA-07-004337; EDB-81-080523
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: World Dev.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 9:4
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; AGRICULTURE; TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; PROGRAM MANAGEMENT; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; INDUSTRY; MANAGEMENT; 290500* - Energy Planning & Policy- Research, Development, Demonstration, & Commercialization; 553000 - Agriculture & Food Technology
OSTI ID:
6530696
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: WODED
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 321-336
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Biggs, S D, and Clay, E J. Sources of innovation in agricultural technology. United Kingdom: N. p., 1981. Web. doi:10.1016/0305-750X(81)90080-2.
Biggs, S D, & Clay, E J. Sources of innovation in agricultural technology. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0305-750X(81)90080-2.
Biggs, S D, and Clay, E J. 1981. "Sources of innovation in agricultural technology." United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0305-750X(81)90080-2. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/0305-750X(81)90080-2.
@misc{etde_6530696,
title = {Sources of innovation in agricultural technology}
author = {Biggs, S D, and Clay, E J}
abstractNote = {This paper focuses attention on environmental and biological characteristics of agriculture which shape the process of technical innovation. The interaction of natural selection and human purposive selection and experimentation is shown to result in a continuous process of innovation placing farmers in the informal R and D systems as well as scientists in formal R and D systems in an innovative treadmill. The importance and limitations of informal R and D are reviewed. A discussion of the characteristics and potential of formal R and D systems leads to the identification of some major problems of policy inherent in, and specific to, the organization and management of agricultural research resources. These include: genetic vulnerability, choices between environmentally specific or widely adapted technologies, the location of research activity, the linkages between agricultural producers and scientists, and methods for maintaining and strengthening informal R and D systems. 58 references, 2 figures.}
doi = {10.1016/0305-750X(81)90080-2}
journal = {World Dev.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {9:4}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1981}
month = {Apr}
}