You need JavaScript to view this

Oils; gas

Patent:

Abstract

Oils and gas are obtained from shale or oil-bearing sand by immersing the shale in and passing it through a bath of liquid oil, cracking the oil-soaked shale, and condensing the vapor and using the condensate to replenish the bath, preferably by passing the gases and vapors direct into the oil-bath container. Shale is fed continuously from a hopper to a bath of oil in an inclined chamber, is carried to the outlet by a conveyer, and through cracking tubes to an outlet pipe by conveyers. The gases and vapors escape by the pipe, a part condensing in the chamber and a run-back pipe and replenishing the bath, and the remainder passing through a condensing tower and condenser connected to reservoirs; the gas is further passed through a scrubber and a pipe to the burner of the retort. The oil condensed in the chamber overflows to the reservoir through a pipe provided with an open pipe to prevent siphoning. The conveyers and a valve on the pipe are operated by gearing. The operation may be conducted at reduced, normal, or increased pressure, e.g., 70 lbs. The temperature of the retort should be about 900 to 1400/sup 0/F, that of the  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Sep 18, 1922
Product Type:
Patent
Report Number:
GB 208586
Reference Number:
EDB-79-023812
Subject:
04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; OIL SHALES; GASIFICATION; SOLVENT EXTRACTION; SHALE GAS; THERMAL CRACKING; SHALE OIL; RECOVERY; CONDENSATES; HIGH TEMPERATURE; BITUMINOUS MATERIALS; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CRACKING; DECOMPOSITION; ENERGY SOURCES; EXTRACTION; FLUIDS; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; GASES; MINERAL OILS; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PYROLYSIS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SYNTHETIC FUELS; SYNTHETIC PETROLEUM; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; 040402* - Oil Shales & Tar Sands- Surface Methods
OSTI ID:
6528633
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: v
Announcement Date:

Patent:

Citation Formats

Day, D T. Oils; gas. United Kingdom: N. p., 1922. Web.
Day, D T. Oils; gas. United Kingdom.
Day, D T. 1922. "Oils; gas." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6528633,
title = {Oils; gas}
author = {Day, D T}
abstractNote = {Oils and gas are obtained from shale or oil-bearing sand by immersing the shale in and passing it through a bath of liquid oil, cracking the oil-soaked shale, and condensing the vapor and using the condensate to replenish the bath, preferably by passing the gases and vapors direct into the oil-bath container. Shale is fed continuously from a hopper to a bath of oil in an inclined chamber, is carried to the outlet by a conveyer, and through cracking tubes to an outlet pipe by conveyers. The gases and vapors escape by the pipe, a part condensing in the chamber and a run-back pipe and replenishing the bath, and the remainder passing through a condensing tower and condenser connected to reservoirs; the gas is further passed through a scrubber and a pipe to the burner of the retort. The oil condensed in the chamber overflows to the reservoir through a pipe provided with an open pipe to prevent siphoning. The conveyers and a valve on the pipe are operated by gearing. The operation may be conducted at reduced, normal, or increased pressure, e.g., 70 lbs. The temperature of the retort should be about 900 to 1400/sup 0/F, that of the inside of the tubes about 550 to 700/sup 0/F, and that of the chamber about 300/sup 0/F. The chamber and pipe may be insulated or artificially cooled.}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1922}
month = {Sep}
}