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Microbial activities in soil near natural gas leaks

Conference:

Abstract

Gas leaks cause the death of more than half the trees that perish in the streets since natural gas has been distributed in the Netherlands. Measurements performed in pot experiments, in which a sandy soil was supplied with a constant stream of a mixture of natural gas and air, proved that gas components, such as methane (81.6%), ethane (2.7%), propane (0.37%), were oxidized. Consumption of methane and oxygen, and production of carbon dioxide could be clearly demonstrated. Oxidation of methane started after an extended lag phase during which propane and ethane were found to be consumed. Methane oxidation was demonstrated by a sharp rise of the oxygen-consumption curve, followed by a fall until it became rather constant. After the gas supply had been stopped, a long recovery period was found to be needed for restoring the normal oxygen consumption of the soil. The rate of oxidation was subject to seasonal differences in temperature. Counts of bacteria in soil were carried out using Oxiod membrane filters on Whatman paper discs soaked with a basic salts solutions according to Leadbetter and Foster (1958) or on soil-extract agar plates. Incubation temperature was 30C. The presence of natural gas in soil resulted in an  More>>
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1971
Product Type:
Conference
Reference Number:
EDB-86-005683
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek; (Netherlands); Journal Volume: 37; Conference: Netherlands society for microbiology meeting, Wageningen, Netherlands, 4 Nov 1970
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 03 NATURAL GAS; BACTERIA; POPULATION DENSITY; ETHANE; METABOLISM; METHANE; NATURAL GAS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; LEAKS; PROPANE; BIOLOGICAL ADAPTATION; CARBON DIOXIDE; CONTAMINATION; NETHERLANDS; OXYGEN; SOILS; TEMPERATURE EFFECTS; ALKANES; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; ELEMENTS; ENERGY SOURCES; EUROPE; FLUIDS; FOSSIL FUELS; FUEL GAS; FUELS; GAS FUELS; GASES; HYDROCARBONS; MICROORGANISMS; NONMETALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; WESTERN EUROPE; 560302* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Microorganisms- (-1987); 510200 - Environment, Terrestrial- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989); 030800 - Natural Gas- Environmental Aspects
OSTI ID:
6525612
Research Organizations:
Agricultural Univ., Wageningen, Netherlands
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: ALJMA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 251-252
Announcement Date:
Dec 01, 1985

Conference:

Citation Formats

Adamse, A D, Hoeks, J, and de Bont, J A.M. Microbial activities in soil near natural gas leaks. Netherlands: N. p., 1971. Web.
Adamse, A D, Hoeks, J, & de Bont, J A.M. Microbial activities in soil near natural gas leaks. Netherlands.
Adamse, A D, Hoeks, J, and de Bont, J A.M. 1971. "Microbial activities in soil near natural gas leaks." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_6525612,
title = {Microbial activities in soil near natural gas leaks}
author = {Adamse, A D, Hoeks, J, and de Bont, J A.M.}
abstractNote = {Gas leaks cause the death of more than half the trees that perish in the streets since natural gas has been distributed in the Netherlands. Measurements performed in pot experiments, in which a sandy soil was supplied with a constant stream of a mixture of natural gas and air, proved that gas components, such as methane (81.6%), ethane (2.7%), propane (0.37%), were oxidized. Consumption of methane and oxygen, and production of carbon dioxide could be clearly demonstrated. Oxidation of methane started after an extended lag phase during which propane and ethane were found to be consumed. Methane oxidation was demonstrated by a sharp rise of the oxygen-consumption curve, followed by a fall until it became rather constant. After the gas supply had been stopped, a long recovery period was found to be needed for restoring the normal oxygen consumption of the soil. The rate of oxidation was subject to seasonal differences in temperature. Counts of bacteria in soil were carried out using Oxiod membrane filters on Whatman paper discs soaked with a basic salts solutions according to Leadbetter and Foster (1958) or on soil-extract agar plates. Incubation temperature was 30C. The presence of natural gas in soil resulted in an adaptation of the aerobic microflora to this substrate. Moreover, it stimulated the total aerobic microflora as counted on soil-extract agar plates.}
journal = {Antonie van Leeuwenhoek; (Netherlands)}
volume = {37}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1971}
month = {Jan}
}