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Neuroimaging and functional assessment in dementia

Journal Article:

Abstract

Recent progress in diagnostic imaging techniques has greatly contributed to the elucidation of pathophysiology, as well as differential diagnosis in dementia. In particular, X-ray computed tomography (CT) offers the ability to detect morphological changes of the brain, whereby making it possible to differentiate between cerebrovascular and degenerative dementias. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows three-dimensional visualization of gyrus atrophy, providing the ability to depict subcortical minor infarcts and white matter lesions. The advent of positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has led to a dramatic progression in the search for pathophysiology of dementia. The purpose of this paper is to outline the recent findings of diagnostic imaging modalities, such as X-ray CT, MRI, PET and SPECT, focusing on those in commonly observed cerebrovascular dementia and in degenerative dementias that are projected to increase. Degenerative dementias cover Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease, Huntington's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, Parkinson's disease, and normal pressure hydrocephalus. (N.K.) 90 refs.
Authors:
Terashi, Akiro; Kitamura, Shin; Ujike, Takashi [1] 
  1. Nippon Medical School, Tokyo (Japan)
Publication Date:
May 01, 1990
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
JPN-90-009371; EDB-90-160077
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: No To Shinkei (Brain and Nerves); (Japan); Journal Volume: 42:5
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; CEREBRUM; CAT SCANNING; POSITRON COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY; MENTAL DISORDERS; NMR IMAGING; REVIEWS; SINGLE PHOTON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY; VASCULAR DISEASES; BODY; BRAIN; CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES; DISEASES; DOCUMENT TYPES; EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY; NERVOUS SYSTEM; ORGANS; TOMOGRAPHY; 550602* - Medicine- External Radiation in Diagnostics- (1980-); 550601 - Medicine- Unsealed Radionuclides in Diagnostics
OSTI ID:
6523776
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0006-8969; CODEN: NOTOA
Submitting Site:
JPN
Size:
Pages: 435-448
Announcement Date:
Nov 01, 1990

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Terashi, Akiro, Kitamura, Shin, and Ujike, Takashi. Neuroimaging and functional assessment in dementia. Japan: N. p., 1990. Web.
Terashi, Akiro, Kitamura, Shin, & Ujike, Takashi. Neuroimaging and functional assessment in dementia. Japan.
Terashi, Akiro, Kitamura, Shin, and Ujike, Takashi. 1990. "Neuroimaging and functional assessment in dementia." Japan.
@misc{etde_6523776,
title = {Neuroimaging and functional assessment in dementia}
author = {Terashi, Akiro, Kitamura, Shin, and Ujike, Takashi}
abstractNote = {Recent progress in diagnostic imaging techniques has greatly contributed to the elucidation of pathophysiology, as well as differential diagnosis in dementia. In particular, X-ray computed tomography (CT) offers the ability to detect morphological changes of the brain, whereby making it possible to differentiate between cerebrovascular and degenerative dementias. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows three-dimensional visualization of gyrus atrophy, providing the ability to depict subcortical minor infarcts and white matter lesions. The advent of positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has led to a dramatic progression in the search for pathophysiology of dementia. The purpose of this paper is to outline the recent findings of diagnostic imaging modalities, such as X-ray CT, MRI, PET and SPECT, focusing on those in commonly observed cerebrovascular dementia and in degenerative dementias that are projected to increase. Degenerative dementias cover Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease, Huntington's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, Parkinson's disease, and normal pressure hydrocephalus. (N.K.) 90 refs.}
journal = {No To Shinkei (Brain and Nerves); (Japan)}
volume = {42:5}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Japan}
year = {1990}
month = {May}
}