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Hydrocarbons

Patent:

Abstract

Coal tar, mineral oils, bitumens, coal extraction products, hydrogenation products of coal, oil schists can be atomized and heated with steam to decompose pyrogenetically and form gases rich in olefins which may be heated with or without pressure and with or without catalysts to produce liquid hydrocarbons of low boiling point, some of which may be aromatic. The apparatus should be lined with copper, silica, or ferrosilicon to prevent contact of the bases with iron which causes deposition of soot. Catalysts used may be metal oxides, silica, graphite, active charcoal, mica, pumice, porcelain, barium carbonate, copper, silver, gold, chromium, boron, or their compounds. At temperatures from 300 to 400/sup 0/C, olefins are produced. At higher temperatures, naphthenes and benzene hydrocarbons are produced.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Feb 22, 1927
Product Type:
Patent
Report Number:
GB 296034
Reference Number:
EDB-81-060448
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; ACTIVATED CARBON; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; ALKENES; CHEMICAL REACTION YIELD; AROMATICS; BITUMENS; PYROLYSIS; BORON; CHROMIUM; COAL EXTRACTS; COAL TAR; CYCLOALKANES; GOLD; MINERAL OILS; ATOMIZATION; BARIUM CARBONATES; CATALYSTS; COPPER; GRAPHITE; HIGH TEMPERATURE; MICA; PORCELAIN; PRESSURE DEPENDENCE; PUMICE; SILICA; SILVER; STEAM; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; ADSORBENTS; ALKALINE EARTH METAL COMPOUNDS; ALKANES; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; CARBON; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBONATES; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DECOMPOSITION; ELEMENTS; HYDROCARBONS; METALS; MINERALS; NONMETALS; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; SEMIMETALS; SILICON COMPOUNDS; SILICON OXIDES; TAR; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; YIELDS; 010500* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Products & By-Products
OSTI ID:
6515384
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: v
Announcement Date:

Patent:

Citation Formats

Not Available. Hydrocarbons. United Kingdom: N. p., 1927. Web.
Not Available. Hydrocarbons. United Kingdom.
Not Available. 1927. "Hydrocarbons." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6515384,
title = {Hydrocarbons}
author = {Not Available}
abstractNote = {Coal tar, mineral oils, bitumens, coal extraction products, hydrogenation products of coal, oil schists can be atomized and heated with steam to decompose pyrogenetically and form gases rich in olefins which may be heated with or without pressure and with or without catalysts to produce liquid hydrocarbons of low boiling point, some of which may be aromatic. The apparatus should be lined with copper, silica, or ferrosilicon to prevent contact of the bases with iron which causes deposition of soot. Catalysts used may be metal oxides, silica, graphite, active charcoal, mica, pumice, porcelain, barium carbonate, copper, silver, gold, chromium, boron, or their compounds. At temperatures from 300 to 400/sup 0/C, olefins are produced. At higher temperatures, naphthenes and benzene hydrocarbons are produced.}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1927}
month = {Feb}
}