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Isotopes in the earth sciences

Abstract

This book examines significant aspects of isotope applications in geology and geochemistry commencing with basic matters, such as atomic structure, stable nuclides and their fractionation, as well as the various decay modes of unstable nuclides. Modern mass spectrometry techniques including electrostatic tandem accelerators are followed by a review of radioisotope dating technology. The relatively new method using the rare earth elements samarium and neodymium are covered. Other geochronometers, applicable to both rocks and minerals not dateable otherwise, are included. A review is given of isotopes in the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere of the Earth. Those of oxygen and hydrogen together with the cosmogenic radionuclides tritium and radiocarbon are discussed in relation to the biosphere. The role of isotopes of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur is described and extended to fossil fuels and rocks as well as meteorites. Related themes such as Phanerozoic oceans, oceanic palaeothermometry, snow and ice stratigraphy and geothermal waters are covered. The field of isotopic palaeoecology is discussed. Radioactive wastes, their accumulation, dangers and disposal are investigated with especial reference to their environmental impacts.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1988
Product Type:
Book
Reference Number:
AIX-20-021969; EDB-89-042870
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; GEOLOGY; ISOTOPE DATING; NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY; RADIOISOTOPES; GEOCHEMISTRY; MASS SPECTROSCOPY; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; ACCIDENTS; AGE ESTIMATION; CHEMISTRY; ISOTOPES; MANAGEMENT; RADIOACTIVITY; SPECTROSCOPY; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; 580400* - Geochemistry- (-1989); 510101 - Environment, Terrestrial- Basic Studies- Radiometric Techniques- (-1989); 053000 - Nuclear Fuels- Environmental Aspects
OSTI ID:
6495687
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: 662
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Bowen, Robert. Isotopes in the earth sciences. United Kingdom: N. p., 1988. Web.
Bowen, Robert. Isotopes in the earth sciences. United Kingdom.
Bowen, Robert. 1988. "Isotopes in the earth sciences." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6495687,
title = {Isotopes in the earth sciences}
author = {Bowen, Robert}
abstractNote = {This book examines significant aspects of isotope applications in geology and geochemistry commencing with basic matters, such as atomic structure, stable nuclides and their fractionation, as well as the various decay modes of unstable nuclides. Modern mass spectrometry techniques including electrostatic tandem accelerators are followed by a review of radioisotope dating technology. The relatively new method using the rare earth elements samarium and neodymium are covered. Other geochronometers, applicable to both rocks and minerals not dateable otherwise, are included. A review is given of isotopes in the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere of the Earth. Those of oxygen and hydrogen together with the cosmogenic radionuclides tritium and radiocarbon are discussed in relation to the biosphere. The role of isotopes of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur is described and extended to fossil fuels and rocks as well as meteorites. Related themes such as Phanerozoic oceans, oceanic palaeothermometry, snow and ice stratigraphy and geothermal waters are covered. The field of isotopic palaeoecology is discussed. Radioactive wastes, their accumulation, dangers and disposal are investigated with especial reference to their environmental impacts.}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1988}
month = {Jan}
}