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Liquefaction of aspen poplar wood

Abstract

Dried and green aspen poplar wood suspended in water containing alkali catalysts was converted completely to an oil, water-soluble chemical, and gases by heating for 1 hour in the presence of CO in a rocking batch reactor. Within the ranges of parameters studied: temperature of 593-633 K; nominal reaction times of less than or equal to 1 hour; water-to-wood ratio of 0.5:1-5:1; Na/sub 2/CO/sub 3/, K/sub 2/CO/sub 3/, and NaOH catalysts; amount of catalyst 7.0-12.5%; and initial H-CO ratios of 2:1-0:1, the water-to-wood ratio was most important. Oil yields of approximately 50% with a C plus H content of approximately 80% and representing a C recovery of approximately 66% were obtained. The higher heats of combustion were 32.2-36.0 MJ/kg.
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1982
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-83-065770
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Can. J. Chem. Eng.; (Canada); Journal Volume: 60:2
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; WOOD; LIQUEFACTION; CATALYSTS; COMBUSTION HEAT; POPLARS; YIELDS; ENERGY; ENTHALPY; HEAT; PHYSICAL PROPERTIES; PLANTS; REACTION HEAT; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; TREES; 090122* - Hydrocarbon Fuels- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass- (1976-1989); 140504 - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
6493510
Research Organizations:
Dept Chem Chem Eng, Univ Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK Canada S7N 0W0
Country of Origin:
Canada
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: CJCEA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 289-294
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Eager, R L, Mathews, J F, and Pepper, J M. Liquefaction of aspen poplar wood. Canada: N. p., 1982. Web. doi:10.1002/cjce.5450600212.
Eager, R L, Mathews, J F, & Pepper, J M. Liquefaction of aspen poplar wood. Canada. doi:10.1002/cjce.5450600212.
Eager, R L, Mathews, J F, and Pepper, J M. 1982. "Liquefaction of aspen poplar wood." Canada. doi:10.1002/cjce.5450600212. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1002/cjce.5450600212.
@misc{etde_6493510,
title = {Liquefaction of aspen poplar wood}
author = {Eager, R L, Mathews, J F, and Pepper, J M}
abstractNote = {Dried and green aspen poplar wood suspended in water containing alkali catalysts was converted completely to an oil, water-soluble chemical, and gases by heating for 1 hour in the presence of CO in a rocking batch reactor. Within the ranges of parameters studied: temperature of 593-633 K; nominal reaction times of less than or equal to 1 hour; water-to-wood ratio of 0.5:1-5:1; Na/sub 2/CO/sub 3/, K/sub 2/CO/sub 3/, and NaOH catalysts; amount of catalyst 7.0-12.5%; and initial H-CO ratios of 2:1-0:1, the water-to-wood ratio was most important. Oil yields of approximately 50% with a C plus H content of approximately 80% and representing a C recovery of approximately 66% were obtained. The higher heats of combustion were 32.2-36.0 MJ/kg.}
doi = {10.1002/cjce.5450600212}
journal = {Can. J. Chem. Eng.; (Canada)}
volume = {60:2}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Canada}
year = {1982}
month = {Jan}
}