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Effects on water, soil and vegetation of an increasing atmospheric supply of sulfur: a survey on ecological bases

Technical Report:

Abstract

In this paper a critical survey is given of the research work carried out on the ecological effects of the increasing rate of sulfur deposition, especially with reference to Swedish conditions. It also contains information about soil types and soil conditions of importance for the understanding of the problems. In several lakes and rivers this increased supply of sulfur (mainly as SO/sub 4//sup 2 -/) has brought about a considerable decrease in pH. In most lakes and rivers of the oligotrophic type the concentration of bicarbonate ion (the main buffer of pH changes) was already low, and it has now been reduced to the extent that a further increase in the deposition of sulfate will immediately result in marked and much more widespread acidification. The increase in the supply of sulfur which has already occurred will influence the conditions of the soil in several ways. A distinct decrease in forest productivity is to be expected. Due to the short time that has passed since the supply of sulfur started to increase it is, however, doubtful whether such a decrease is yet measurable with the measurement methods commonly used in forest taxation. 88 references.
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1974
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
SNV-PM-402E
Reference Number:
EDB-86-005103
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR POLLUTION; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; SULFUR; DEPOSITION; ACID RAIN; ACIDIFICATION; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; FORESTS; GROUND WATER; LAKES; PH VALUE; PRODUCTIVITY; SOIL CHEMISTRY; SULFATES; SWEDEN; TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS; TREES; WATER CHEMISTRY; ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATIONS; CHEMISTRY; DATA; ECOSYSTEMS; ELEMENTS; EUROPE; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INFORMATION; NONMETALS; NUMERICAL DATA; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; POLLUTION; RAIN; SCANDINAVIA; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SURFACE WATERS; WATER; WESTERN EUROPE; 500200* - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
6434152
Research Organizations:
National Swedish Environment Protection Board, Solna
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Availability:
Univ. of Lund, O. Vallgatan 14, S-223 61 Lund, Sweden.
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 98
Announcement Date:
Nov 01, 1985

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Malmer, N, and Nilsson, F M.I. Effects on water, soil and vegetation of an increasing atmospheric supply of sulfur: a survey on ecological bases. Sweden: N. p., 1974. Web.
Malmer, N, & Nilsson, F M.I. Effects on water, soil and vegetation of an increasing atmospheric supply of sulfur: a survey on ecological bases. Sweden.
Malmer, N, and Nilsson, F M.I. 1974. "Effects on water, soil and vegetation of an increasing atmospheric supply of sulfur: a survey on ecological bases." Sweden.
@misc{etde_6434152,
title = {Effects on water, soil and vegetation of an increasing atmospheric supply of sulfur: a survey on ecological bases}
author = {Malmer, N, and Nilsson, F M.I.}
abstractNote = {In this paper a critical survey is given of the research work carried out on the ecological effects of the increasing rate of sulfur deposition, especially with reference to Swedish conditions. It also contains information about soil types and soil conditions of importance for the understanding of the problems. In several lakes and rivers this increased supply of sulfur (mainly as SO/sub 4//sup 2 -/) has brought about a considerable decrease in pH. In most lakes and rivers of the oligotrophic type the concentration of bicarbonate ion (the main buffer of pH changes) was already low, and it has now been reduced to the extent that a further increase in the deposition of sulfate will immediately result in marked and much more widespread acidification. The increase in the supply of sulfur which has already occurred will influence the conditions of the soil in several ways. A distinct decrease in forest productivity is to be expected. Due to the short time that has passed since the supply of sulfur started to increase it is, however, doubtful whether such a decrease is yet measurable with the measurement methods commonly used in forest taxation. 88 references.}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1974}
month = {Jan}
}