You need JavaScript to view this

Atmospheric pollution and melanic moths in Manchester and its environs

Journal Article:

Abstract

Samples of moths have been taken in the Manchester area at sites in localities with moderate to extreme atmospheric pollution. The majority of species collected are dark in color, many typically pale species being represented by dark variants. Four species polymorphic for melanic and non-melanic morphs have been examined in more detail. In Biston betularia the melanic frequency is over 93% at all stations, but the frequency of typicals appears to have increased over the past 15 years. This coincides with a period of extensive smoke control zonation. Gondontis bidentata has a higher frequency of melanics than has been recorded elsewhere in the country. There is significant variation between sites, the higher frequencies occurring in the more polluted localities. Non-melanics segregate into a pale and a dark category. In reared samples males exhibit a greater frequency of melanics than females.
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1971
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-84-179155
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Appl. Ecol.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 8:1
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; AIR POLLUTION; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; MOTHS; POPULATIONS; INSECTS; SOOT; UNITED KINGDOM; ANIMALS; ARTHROPODS; EUROPE; INVERTEBRATES; LEPIDOPTERA; POLLUTION; WESTERN EUROPE; 560304* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Invertebrates- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
6405446
Research Organizations:
Univ. of Manchester, England
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: JAPEA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 247-256
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Askew, R R, Cook, L M, and Bishop, J A. Atmospheric pollution and melanic moths in Manchester and its environs. United Kingdom: N. p., 1971. Web.
Askew, R R, Cook, L M, & Bishop, J A. Atmospheric pollution and melanic moths in Manchester and its environs. United Kingdom.
Askew, R R, Cook, L M, and Bishop, J A. 1971. "Atmospheric pollution and melanic moths in Manchester and its environs." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6405446,
title = {Atmospheric pollution and melanic moths in Manchester and its environs}
author = {Askew, R R, Cook, L M, and Bishop, J A}
abstractNote = {Samples of moths have been taken in the Manchester area at sites in localities with moderate to extreme atmospheric pollution. The majority of species collected are dark in color, many typically pale species being represented by dark variants. Four species polymorphic for melanic and non-melanic morphs have been examined in more detail. In Biston betularia the melanic frequency is over 93% at all stations, but the frequency of typicals appears to have increased over the past 15 years. This coincides with a period of extensive smoke control zonation. Gondontis bidentata has a higher frequency of melanics than has been recorded elsewhere in the country. There is significant variation between sites, the higher frequencies occurring in the more polluted localities. Non-melanics segregate into a pale and a dark category. In reared samples males exhibit a greater frequency of melanics than females.}
journal = {J. Appl. Ecol.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {8:1}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1971}
month = {Jan}
}