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Ecological and biological systems under extreme conditions

Abstract

The behaviour of biological and ecological systems under extreme conditions (high and low temperatures, electromagnetic fields of different frequencies, ultraviolet. X-ray and gamma radiation) is analyzed. The ecosystems of macro- and microalgae living in salt, brackinsh and fresh waters are considered in the evolutional aspect basing on their chemical and biochemical composition taking into account the mechanism of radionuclide uptake by water plant cells, osmotic regulation, water and ice structures, combined water in a living organism. The problems of life-support in cosmic flights and of mastering the planets of the Solar system, for instance Mars and Venus, utilizing some microalgae and bacteria with high adaptive properties are discussed. Abnormal water points and their role in the metabolism of a water plant cell are estimated. The 'life niches' are determined at the temperatures exceeding 100 deg C and the possibility of existence for living organisms in high pressure and temperature is grounded. Attempts are made to change the metabolism of the plant and animal cell by subjecting it to the action of electromagnetic and thermal fields, heavy water, chemical and pharmocological substances changing the structure of bound water. 333 refs.; 79 tabs.
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1989
Product Type:
Book
Reference Number:
AIX-22-003423; EDB-91-005764
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; RADIOISOTOPES; ALGAE; ANIMAL CELLS; ATMOSPHERES; ENVIRONMENT; GAMMA RADIATION; METABOLISM; PLANT CELLS; PRESSURE DEPENDENCE; SALINITY; SOLAR SYSTEM; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; UPTAKE; WATER; X RADIATION; ECOSYSTEMS; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; IONIZING RADIATIONS; ISOTOPES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; RADIATIONS; 540230* - Environment, Terrestrial- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- (1990-)
OSTI ID:
6370821
Research Organizations:
AN Litovskoj SSR, Vilnius (USSR). Inst. Botaniki
Country of Origin:
USSR
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
Pages: (240 p)
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Zlobin, V S, and Nenishkiene, V B. Ecological and biological systems under extreme conditions. USSR: N. p., 1989. Web.
Zlobin, V S, & Nenishkiene, V B. Ecological and biological systems under extreme conditions. USSR.
Zlobin, V S, and Nenishkiene, V B. 1989. "Ecological and biological systems under extreme conditions." USSR.
@misc{etde_6370821,
title = {Ecological and biological systems under extreme conditions}
author = {Zlobin, V S, and Nenishkiene, V B}
abstractNote = {The behaviour of biological and ecological systems under extreme conditions (high and low temperatures, electromagnetic fields of different frequencies, ultraviolet. X-ray and gamma radiation) is analyzed. The ecosystems of macro- and microalgae living in salt, brackinsh and fresh waters are considered in the evolutional aspect basing on their chemical and biochemical composition taking into account the mechanism of radionuclide uptake by water plant cells, osmotic regulation, water and ice structures, combined water in a living organism. The problems of life-support in cosmic flights and of mastering the planets of the Solar system, for instance Mars and Venus, utilizing some microalgae and bacteria with high adaptive properties are discussed. Abnormal water points and their role in the metabolism of a water plant cell are estimated. The 'life niches' are determined at the temperatures exceeding 100 deg C and the possibility of existence for living organisms in high pressure and temperature is grounded. Attempts are made to change the metabolism of the plant and animal cell by subjecting it to the action of electromagnetic and thermal fields, heavy water, chemical and pharmocological substances changing the structure of bound water. 333 refs.; 79 tabs.}
place = {USSR}
year = {1989}
month = {Jan}
}