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Effects of air pollution on crops. I. Effects of gaseous sulfur dioxide and ozone on the occurrence of symptoms of injuries on vegetables

Journal Article:

Abstract

In order to obtain information on plant injuries due to air pollution to utilize susceptible plants as biological indicators of air pollution, potted plants such as chard, spinach, Chinese cabbage, and Japanese radish or cut plants such as Welsh onion were exposed in a glass house to sulfur dioxide at 0.4 ppM continuously for a week or to ozone for 6 hr at 0.13, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 ppM. The symptoms due to sulfur dioxide appeared first as peripheral and interveinal necrosis, followed by dehydration. The period of exposure required for the appearance of injuries depended mainly on the vegetable species and ranged from 1 day for potted herb mustard to more than a week for maize. A variety of cabbage did not show any injury after 1 week of continuous exposure to sulfur dioxide. The symptoms due to ozone appeared on the veinal or interveinal parts of leaves and were white to light brown in color on cruciferous vegetables and onions. Brown spots appeared on cucumber, and brown, reddish-purple, or dark purple lesions appeared on burdock, rice, and kidney bean. Damage was most severe on cucumbers occurring even at 0.13 ppM. The environmental conditions before and after the exposure  More>>
Publication Date:
Jun 01, 1974
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-79-065318
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Osaka-fu Norin Gijutsu Senta Kenkyu Hokoku; (Japan); Journal Volume: 11
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CROPS; INJURIES; OZONE; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; SULFUR DIOXIDE; AIR POLLUTION; BEANS; BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS; BRASSICA; CUCUMBERS; DEHYDRATION; LEAVES; NECROSIS; ONIONS; RADISHES; SPINACH; VEGETABLES; CHALCOGENIDES; DISEASES; FOOD; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES; PLANTS; POLLUTION; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; 560303* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Plants- (-1987); 500200 - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
6368704
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: ONGHD
Submitting Site:
APA
Size:
Pages: 151-157
Announcement Date:
May 01, 1979

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Masahara, O, and Mega, K. Effects of air pollution on crops. I. Effects of gaseous sulfur dioxide and ozone on the occurrence of symptoms of injuries on vegetables. Japan: N. p., 1974. Web.
Masahara, O, & Mega, K. Effects of air pollution on crops. I. Effects of gaseous sulfur dioxide and ozone on the occurrence of symptoms of injuries on vegetables. Japan.
Masahara, O, and Mega, K. 1974. "Effects of air pollution on crops. I. Effects of gaseous sulfur dioxide and ozone on the occurrence of symptoms of injuries on vegetables." Japan.
@misc{etde_6368704,
title = {Effects of air pollution on crops. I. Effects of gaseous sulfur dioxide and ozone on the occurrence of symptoms of injuries on vegetables}
author = {Masahara, O, and Mega, K}
abstractNote = {In order to obtain information on plant injuries due to air pollution to utilize susceptible plants as biological indicators of air pollution, potted plants such as chard, spinach, Chinese cabbage, and Japanese radish or cut plants such as Welsh onion were exposed in a glass house to sulfur dioxide at 0.4 ppM continuously for a week or to ozone for 6 hr at 0.13, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 ppM. The symptoms due to sulfur dioxide appeared first as peripheral and interveinal necrosis, followed by dehydration. The period of exposure required for the appearance of injuries depended mainly on the vegetable species and ranged from 1 day for potted herb mustard to more than a week for maize. A variety of cabbage did not show any injury after 1 week of continuous exposure to sulfur dioxide. The symptoms due to ozone appeared on the veinal or interveinal parts of leaves and were white to light brown in color on cruciferous vegetables and onions. Brown spots appeared on cucumber, and brown, reddish-purple, or dark purple lesions appeared on burdock, rice, and kidney bean. Damage was most severe on cucumbers occurring even at 0.13 ppM. The environmental conditions before and after the exposure to these gases affected the appearance of the symptoms.}
journal = {Osaka-fu Norin Gijutsu Senta Kenkyu Hokoku; (Japan)}
volume = {11}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Japan}
year = {1974}
month = {Jun}
}