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New thermophilic anaerobes that decompose crystalline cellulose

Journal Article:

Abstract

Two strains (designated as 25A and 3B) of cellulolytic, thermophilic, anaerobic, spore-forming bacteria were newly isolated from an alkaline hot spring through enrichment cultures at 60/sup 0/C. Though strain 25A was nearly identical to Clostridium thermocellum ATCC 27405 as a reference strain, strain 3B had some characteristics different from the reference; no flagellation, alkalophilic growth property (optimum pH of 7.5-8) and orange-colored pigmentation of the cell mass. Strain 3B effectively decomposed micro-crystalline cellulose (Avicel) and raw cellulosics (rice straw, newspaper, and bagasse) without physical or chemical pretreatments. 20 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1985
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-86-001534
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Ferment. Technol.; (Japan); Journal Volume: 63:4
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; ACETIC ACID; BIOSYNTHESIS; BACTERIA; ENZYME ACTIVITY; MORPHOLOGY; PHYSIOLOGY; CELLULOSE; ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS; ETHANOL; BATCH CULTURE; CELLULASE; CLOSTRIDIUM THERMOCELLUM; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CULTURE MEDIA; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; FERMENTATION; GLUCOSIDASE; HOT SPRINGS; THERMOPHILIC CONDITIONS; ALCOHOLS; BIOCONVERSION; CARBOHYDRATES; CARBOXYLIC ACIDS; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CLOSTRIDIUM; DECOMPOSITION; ENZYMES; GLYCOSYL HYDROLASES; HYDROLASES; HYDROLYSIS; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; LYSIS; MICROORGANISMS; MICROSCOPY; MONOCARBOXYLIC ACIDS; O-GLYCOSYL HYDROLASES; ORGANIC ACIDS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; POLYSACCHARIDES; SACCHARIDES; SOLVOLYSIS; SYNTHESIS; THERMAL SPRINGS; WATER SPRINGS; 090222* - Alcohol Fuels- Preparation from Wastes or Biomass- (1976-1989); 550700 - Microbiology; 140504 - Solar Energy Conversion- Biomass Production & Conversion- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
6354341
Research Organizations:
Nagoya Univ., Japan
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: JFTED
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 383-387
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Taya, M, Hinoki, H, Suzuki, Y, Yagi, T, Yap, M G.S., and Kobayashi, T. New thermophilic anaerobes that decompose crystalline cellulose. Japan: N. p., 1985. Web.
Taya, M, Hinoki, H, Suzuki, Y, Yagi, T, Yap, M G.S., & Kobayashi, T. New thermophilic anaerobes that decompose crystalline cellulose. Japan.
Taya, M, Hinoki, H, Suzuki, Y, Yagi, T, Yap, M G.S., and Kobayashi, T. 1985. "New thermophilic anaerobes that decompose crystalline cellulose." Japan.
@misc{etde_6354341,
title = {New thermophilic anaerobes that decompose crystalline cellulose}
author = {Taya, M, Hinoki, H, Suzuki, Y, Yagi, T, Yap, M G.S., and Kobayashi, T}
abstractNote = {Two strains (designated as 25A and 3B) of cellulolytic, thermophilic, anaerobic, spore-forming bacteria were newly isolated from an alkaline hot spring through enrichment cultures at 60/sup 0/C. Though strain 25A was nearly identical to Clostridium thermocellum ATCC 27405 as a reference strain, strain 3B had some characteristics different from the reference; no flagellation, alkalophilic growth property (optimum pH of 7.5-8) and orange-colored pigmentation of the cell mass. Strain 3B effectively decomposed micro-crystalline cellulose (Avicel) and raw cellulosics (rice straw, newspaper, and bagasse) without physical or chemical pretreatments. 20 references, 2 figures, 2 tables.}
journal = {J. Ferment. Technol.; (Japan)}
volume = {63:4}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Japan}
year = {1985}
month = {Jan}
}