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Natural Resource Canada`s fuel cell R and D program

Miscellaneous:

Abstract

The rationale for focusing fuel cell technology on the Ballard Proton exchange Membrane (PEM) system is provided. As well, research into other fuel cell types supported by Natural Resources Canada are discussed. Fuel cells are electrochemical devices that convert a fuel and an oxidant directly into electricity. Five fuel cell technologies use hydrogen as the fuel: (1) the alkaline fuel cell (AFC), (2) the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), (3) the phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), (4) the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), and (5) the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The PEMFC is suitable for transportation applications because it does not contain a liquid electrolyte and it operates at about 80 degrees C. Trials on municipal bus systems are currently underway in Vancouver and Chicago. PEMFC stacks are supplied by Ballard Power Systems of Burnaby, BC, a recognized world leader in PEMFC technology. Daimler-Benz is demonstrating the methanol reformer on its NECAR-3, powered with a Ballard PEMFC. Ballard is also designing and producing two prototype fuel cell engines for the Ford Motor Company which will integrate them into its P2000 prototype vehicle platform. The Ballard technology is also suitable for distributed power generation up to about five MW,  More>>
Authors:
Hammerli, M; Beck, N R [1] 
  1. Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada)
Publication Date:
May 01, 1998
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Report Number:
CONF-980574-
Reference Number:
SCA: 300500; 080000; 299000; PA: CANM-98:001614; EDB-98:087041; SN: 98001983820
Resource Relation:
Conference: Renewable energy technologies in cold climates `98, Techniques des energies renouvelables dans les climats froids 1998; 24. conference annuelle de la Societe d`energie solaire du Canada inc, Montreal (Canada), 4-6 May 1998; Other Information: PBD: May 1998; Related Information: Is Part Of Renewable energy technologies in cold climates `98 : proceedings of an international conference incorporating the 24. annual conference of the Solar Energy Society of Canada Inc. (SESCI); PB: 520 p.; Techniques des energies renouvelables dans les climats froids 1998 : actes de la conference internationale comprenant la 24. conference annuelle de la Societe d`energie solaire du Canada inc. (SESCI)
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 08 HYDROGEN FUEL; 29 ENERGY PLANNING AND POLICY; FUEL CELLS; MOLTEN CARBONATE FUEL CELLS; DIRECT ENERGY CONVERTERS; ELECTRICITY; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES
OSTI ID:
632907
Research Organizations:
Solar Energy Society of Canada Inc., Ottawa, ON (Canada); Canadian Solar Industries Association (Canada); Canadian Wind Energy Association (Canada); Energie Solaire Quebec, PQ (Canada); Ministere des Ressources Naturelles du Quebec, PQ (Canada); Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada)
Country of Origin:
Canada
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: CA9801614
Availability:
Available from Solar Energy Society of Canada Inc., 116 Lisgar Street, Suite 702, Ottawa, Ontario K2P 0C2
Submitting Site:
CANM
Size:
pp. 392-396
Announcement Date:

Miscellaneous:

Citation Formats

Hammerli, M, and Beck, N R. Natural Resource Canada`s fuel cell R and D program. Canada: N. p., 1998. Web.
Hammerli, M, & Beck, N R. Natural Resource Canada`s fuel cell R and D program. Canada.
Hammerli, M, and Beck, N R. 1998. "Natural Resource Canada`s fuel cell R and D program." Canada.
@misc{etde_632907,
title = {Natural Resource Canada`s fuel cell R and D program}
author = {Hammerli, M, and Beck, N R}
abstractNote = {The rationale for focusing fuel cell technology on the Ballard Proton exchange Membrane (PEM) system is provided. As well, research into other fuel cell types supported by Natural Resources Canada are discussed. Fuel cells are electrochemical devices that convert a fuel and an oxidant directly into electricity. Five fuel cell technologies use hydrogen as the fuel: (1) the alkaline fuel cell (AFC), (2) the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), (3) the phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), (4) the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), and (5) the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The PEMFC is suitable for transportation applications because it does not contain a liquid electrolyte and it operates at about 80 degrees C. Trials on municipal bus systems are currently underway in Vancouver and Chicago. PEMFC stacks are supplied by Ballard Power Systems of Burnaby, BC, a recognized world leader in PEMFC technology. Daimler-Benz is demonstrating the methanol reformer on its NECAR-3, powered with a Ballard PEMFC. Ballard is also designing and producing two prototype fuel cell engines for the Ford Motor Company which will integrate them into its P2000 prototype vehicle platform. The Ballard technology is also suitable for distributed power generation up to about five MW, as well as for cogeneration, when fuelled with natural gas. Stuart Energy Systems (SES) has developed an advanced UNICELL-CLUSTER{sup T}M, which permits a direct coupling of the PV array to the electrolyser, a project which demonstrates the use of solar-electrolytic hydrogen production. SES is also designing a refuelling system for the BC Transit System in Vancouver for refuelling their three Zero Emission urban transit buses powered by Ballard fuel cell engines.}
place = {Canada}
year = {1998}
month = {May}
}