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Compact methanol reformer test for fuel-cell powered light-duty vehicles

Abstract

On-board production of hydrogen from methanol based on a steam reformer in connection with the use of low-temperature fuel-cells (PEMFC) is an attractive option as energy conversion unit for light-duty vehicles. A steam reforming process at higher pressures with an external burner offers advantages in comparison to a steam reformer with integrated partial oxidation in terms of total efficiency for electricity production. The main aim of a common project carried out by the Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ), Haldor Topsoee A/S (HTAS) and Siemens AG is to design, to construct and to test a steam reformer reactor concept (HTAS) with external catalytic burner (FZJ) as heat source as well as catalysts for heterogeneously catalyzed hydrogen production (HTAS), concepts for gas treatment (HTAS, FZJ) and a low-temperature fuel cell (Siemens). Based on the experimental results obtained so far concerning methanol reformers, catalytic burners and gas conditioning units, our report describes the total system, a test unit and preliminary test results related to a hydrogen production capacity of 50 kW (LHV) and dynamic operating conditions. This hydrogen production system is aimed at reducing the specific weight (<2 kg/kW{sub th} or 4 kg/kW{sub el}) combined with high efficiency for net electricity generation from methanol (about  More>>
Authors:
Emonts, B; Hoehlein, B; Peters, R; [1]  Hansen, J B; Joergensen, S L [2] 
  1. Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Energieverfahrenstechnik (IEV)
  2. Haldor Topsoe A/S, Lyngby (Denmark)
Publication Date:
Mar 15, 1998
Product Type:
Journal Article
Report Number:
CONF-9709197-
Reference Number:
SCA: 300501; 330300; PA: CHF-98:0GC298; EDB-98:082634; SN: 98001987659
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Power Sources; Journal Volume: 71; Journal Issue: 1-2; Conference: 5. Grove fuel cell symposium, London (United Kingdom), 22-25 Sep 1997; Other Information: PBD: 15 Mar 1998
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; REFORMER PROCESSES; METHANOL; FUEL CELLS; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; CLEANING; BURNERS; CATALYSTS; HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; MEMBRANES; PALLADIUM
OSTI ID:
631402
Country of Origin:
Switzerland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: JPSODZ; ISSN 0378-7753; TRN: CH98GC298
Submitting Site:
CHF
Size:
pp. 288-293
Announcement Date:
Aug 26, 1998

Citation Formats

Emonts, B, Hoehlein, B, Peters, R, Hansen, J B, and Joergensen, S L. Compact methanol reformer test for fuel-cell powered light-duty vehicles. Switzerland: N. p., 1998. Web. doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(97)02724-9.
Emonts, B, Hoehlein, B, Peters, R, Hansen, J B, & Joergensen, S L. Compact methanol reformer test for fuel-cell powered light-duty vehicles. Switzerland. doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(97)02724-9.
Emonts, B, Hoehlein, B, Peters, R, Hansen, J B, and Joergensen, S L. 1998. "Compact methanol reformer test for fuel-cell powered light-duty vehicles." Switzerland. doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(97)02724-9. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/S0378-7753(97)02724-9.
@misc{etde_631402,
title = {Compact methanol reformer test for fuel-cell powered light-duty vehicles}
author = {Emonts, B, Hoehlein, B, Peters, R, Hansen, J B, and Joergensen, S L}
abstractNote = {On-board production of hydrogen from methanol based on a steam reformer in connection with the use of low-temperature fuel-cells (PEMFC) is an attractive option as energy conversion unit for light-duty vehicles. A steam reforming process at higher pressures with an external burner offers advantages in comparison to a steam reformer with integrated partial oxidation in terms of total efficiency for electricity production. The main aim of a common project carried out by the Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZJ), Haldor Topsoee A/S (HTAS) and Siemens AG is to design, to construct and to test a steam reformer reactor concept (HTAS) with external catalytic burner (FZJ) as heat source as well as catalysts for heterogeneously catalyzed hydrogen production (HTAS), concepts for gas treatment (HTAS, FZJ) and a low-temperature fuel cell (Siemens). Based on the experimental results obtained so far concerning methanol reformers, catalytic burners and gas conditioning units, our report describes the total system, a test unit and preliminary test results related to a hydrogen production capacity of 50 kW (LHV) and dynamic operating conditions. This hydrogen production system is aimed at reducing the specific weight (<2 kg/kW{sub th} or 4 kg/kW{sub el}) combined with high efficiency for net electricity generation from methanol (about 50%) and low specific emissions. The application of Pd-membranes as gas cleaning unit fulfill the requirements with high hydrogen permeability and low cost of the noble metal. (orig.)}
doi = {10.1016/S0378-7753(97)02724-9}
journal = {Journal of Power Sources}
issue = {1-2}
volume = {71}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Switzerland}
year = {1998}
month = {Mar}
}