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Effects of some anaesthetics on honeybees: nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, ammonium nitrate smoker fumes

Journal Article:

Abstract

Honeybees were apparently unaffected by atmospheric oxygen concentrations between 7% and 100%, and only became motionless when the oxygen concentration was less than 2%. The effects of nitrous oxide-oxygen mixtures differed little, if at all, from those nitrogen-oxygen mixtures. Bees were not visibly affected by carbon dioxide concentrations up to 10-15% but they became motionless if the concentration exceeded 40-45%. Fumes produced by adding ammonium nitrate to the fuel in a beekeeper's smoker were found to contain hydrogen cyanide or cyanogen. Their effectiveness as an anaesthetic may be due to this or to some unidentified component, but not to nitrous oxide. All three anaesthetics caused foraging bees to stop collecting pollen, and accelerated the retrogression of the pharyngeal glands of young bees. Anaesthesia of a few bees in a colony with nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, or ammonium nitrate smoker fumes did not appear to inhibit their drift back to the original site when their hive was moved, nor was any reduction in drifting observed when a whole colony was moved while anaesthetized with ammonium nitrate smoker fumes. 4 tables.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Aug 01, 1954
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-85-007274
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Bee World; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 35:8
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AMMONIUM NITRATES; TOXICITY; CARBON DIOXIDE; NITROUS OXIDE; AEROSOLS; AIR POLLUTION; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; INSECTS; POLLEN; SLEEP; SMOKES; AMMONIUM COMPOUNDS; ANIMALS; ARTHROPODS; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; COLLOIDS; DISPERSIONS; GAMETES; GERM CELLS; INVERTEBRATES; NITRATES; NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; NITROGEN OXIDES; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; RESIDUES; SOLS; 560304* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Invertebrates- (-1987); 500200 - Environment, Atmospheric- Chemicals Monitoring & Transport- (-1989)
OSTI ID:
6308288
Research Organizations:
Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, England
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: BEWOA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 149-155
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Simpson, J. Effects of some anaesthetics on honeybees: nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, ammonium nitrate smoker fumes. United Kingdom: N. p., 1954. Web.
Simpson, J. Effects of some anaesthetics on honeybees: nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, ammonium nitrate smoker fumes. United Kingdom.
Simpson, J. 1954. "Effects of some anaesthetics on honeybees: nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, ammonium nitrate smoker fumes." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6308288,
title = {Effects of some anaesthetics on honeybees: nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, ammonium nitrate smoker fumes}
author = {Simpson, J}
abstractNote = {Honeybees were apparently unaffected by atmospheric oxygen concentrations between 7% and 100%, and only became motionless when the oxygen concentration was less than 2%. The effects of nitrous oxide-oxygen mixtures differed little, if at all, from those nitrogen-oxygen mixtures. Bees were not visibly affected by carbon dioxide concentrations up to 10-15% but they became motionless if the concentration exceeded 40-45%. Fumes produced by adding ammonium nitrate to the fuel in a beekeeper's smoker were found to contain hydrogen cyanide or cyanogen. Their effectiveness as an anaesthetic may be due to this or to some unidentified component, but not to nitrous oxide. All three anaesthetics caused foraging bees to stop collecting pollen, and accelerated the retrogression of the pharyngeal glands of young bees. Anaesthesia of a few bees in a colony with nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, or ammonium nitrate smoker fumes did not appear to inhibit their drift back to the original site when their hive was moved, nor was any reduction in drifting observed when a whole colony was moved while anaesthetized with ammonium nitrate smoker fumes. 4 tables.}
journal = {Bee World; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {35:8}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1954}
month = {Aug}
}