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Imprecision of dose predictions for radionuclides released to the environment: an application of a Monte Carlo simulation technique

Abstract

An evaluation of the imprecision in dose predictions for radionuclides has been performed using correct dose assessment models and knowledge of model parameter value uncertainties. The propagation of parameter uncertainties is demonstrated using a Monte Carlo technique for elemental iodine 131 transported via the pasture-cow-milk-child pathway. Results indicated that when site-specific information is unavailable, the imprecision inherent in the predictions for this pathway is potentially large. (3 graphs, 25 references, 5 tables)
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1980
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
ERA-06-035499; EDB-81-117894
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Environ. Int.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 4:4
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; FOOD CHAINS; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; HUMAN POPULATIONS; RADIATION DOSES; IODINE 131; RADIOECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; ERRORS; FORECASTING; MILK; MONTE CARLO METHOD; BETA DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BETA-MINUS DECAY RADIOISOTOPES; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BODY FLUIDS; DAYS LIVING RADIOISOTOPES; DOSES; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; FOOD; INTERMEDIATE MASS NUCLEI; IODINE ISOTOPES; ISOTOPES; MASS TRANSFER; MATERIALS; NUCLEI; ODD-EVEN NUCLEI; POPULATIONS; RADIOISOTOPES; 560171* - Radiation Effects- Nuclide Kinetics & Toxicology- Man- (-1987); 510302 - Environment, Terrestrial- Radioactive Materials Monitoring & Transport- Terrestrial Ecosystems & Food Chains- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
6288132
Research Organizations:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: ENVID
Submitting Site:
ESI
Size:
Pages: 289-297
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Schwarz, G, and Hoffman, F O. Imprecision of dose predictions for radionuclides released to the environment: an application of a Monte Carlo simulation technique. United Kingdom: N. p., 1980. Web. doi:10.1016/0160-4120(80)90081-1.
Schwarz, G, & Hoffman, F O. Imprecision of dose predictions for radionuclides released to the environment: an application of a Monte Carlo simulation technique. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0160-4120(80)90081-1.
Schwarz, G, and Hoffman, F O. 1980. "Imprecision of dose predictions for radionuclides released to the environment: an application of a Monte Carlo simulation technique." United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0160-4120(80)90081-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/0160-4120(80)90081-1.
@misc{etde_6288132,
title = {Imprecision of dose predictions for radionuclides released to the environment: an application of a Monte Carlo simulation technique}
author = {Schwarz, G, and Hoffman, F O}
abstractNote = {An evaluation of the imprecision in dose predictions for radionuclides has been performed using correct dose assessment models and knowledge of model parameter value uncertainties. The propagation of parameter uncertainties is demonstrated using a Monte Carlo technique for elemental iodine 131 transported via the pasture-cow-milk-child pathway. Results indicated that when site-specific information is unavailable, the imprecision inherent in the predictions for this pathway is potentially large. (3 graphs, 25 references, 5 tables)}
doi = {10.1016/0160-4120(80)90081-1}
journal = {Environ. Int.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {4:4}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1980}
month = {Jan}
}