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Extreme scenarios for nuclear waste repositories

Journal Article:

Abstract

Two extreme scenarios for release of radioactive waste have been constructed. In the first, a volcanic eruption releases 1 km/sup 2/ of an underground nuclear waste repository, while in the second, waste enters the drinking water reservoir of a major city. With pessimistic assumptions, upper bounds on the number of cancers due to radiation are calculated. In the volcano scenario, the effects of the waste are smaller than the effects of natural radioactivity in the volcanic dust if the delay between emplacement and eruption exceeds 2000 yr. The consequences of the waste in drinking water depend on the survival time of the canisters and the rate of leaching of the nuclides from the waste matrix. For a canister life of 400 yr and a leach time of 6300 yr the cancer rate in the affected area would increase by 25%.
Authors:
Brown, M J; [1]  Crouch, E [2] 
  1. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (USA). Div. of Applied Sciences
  2. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (USA). Energy and Environmental Policy Center
Publication Date:
Sep 01, 1982
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
AIX-14-750139; EDB-83-101311
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Health Phys.; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 43:3
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; RADIOACTIVE WASTE STORAGE; ACCIDENTS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DOSE-RESPONSE RELATIONSHIPS; DRINKING WATER; FOOD CHAINS; FORECASTING; INHALATION; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY; NEOPLASMS; RADIATION HAZARDS; RADIATION INJURIES; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; TIME DEPENDENCE; UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL; VOLCANOES; WATER RESERVOIRS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; DISEASES; HAZARDS; HEALTH HAZARDS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INJURIES; INTAKE; MANAGEMENT; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIOACTIVITY; STORAGE; SURFACE WATERS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE STORAGE; WATER; 052002* - Nuclear Fuels- Waste Disposal & Storage
OSTI ID:
6276111
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: HLTPA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 345-354
Announcement Date:
Apr 01, 1983

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Brown, M J, and Crouch, E. Extreme scenarios for nuclear waste repositories. United Kingdom: N. p., 1982. Web.
Brown, M J, & Crouch, E. Extreme scenarios for nuclear waste repositories. United Kingdom.
Brown, M J, and Crouch, E. 1982. "Extreme scenarios for nuclear waste repositories." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6276111,
title = {Extreme scenarios for nuclear waste repositories}
author = {Brown, M J, and Crouch, E}
abstractNote = {Two extreme scenarios for release of radioactive waste have been constructed. In the first, a volcanic eruption releases 1 km/sup 2/ of an underground nuclear waste repository, while in the second, waste enters the drinking water reservoir of a major city. With pessimistic assumptions, upper bounds on the number of cancers due to radiation are calculated. In the volcano scenario, the effects of the waste are smaller than the effects of natural radioactivity in the volcanic dust if the delay between emplacement and eruption exceeds 2000 yr. The consequences of the waste in drinking water depend on the survival time of the canisters and the rate of leaching of the nuclides from the waste matrix. For a canister life of 400 yr and a leach time of 6300 yr the cancer rate in the affected area would increase by 25%.}
journal = {Health Phys.; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {43:3}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1982}
month = {Sep}
}