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Purifying oils, cracking oils, catalysts. [British Patent]

Abstract

Hydrocarbon oils are refined by treating while substantially in the liquid phase between 200/sup 0/ and 400/sup 0/C with a phosphoric acid catalyst deposited on metallurgical coke, a suitable blast furnace slag, silica gel or other carrier with similar properties, until the objectionable components are converted into innocuous substances by polymerization cracking, isomerization and/or alkylation. By this treatment the bromine number is reduced, the end-point of the A.S.T.M. distillation is increased, the octane number is raised, mercaptans are converted to hydrogen sulphide and olefines, thioethers and thiophenes are converted to mereaptans, and the initial boiling point is lowered. The process is applicable to gasoline, cracked distillate, kerosine and lubricating oil, obtained by distilling or cracking petroleum, shale and hydrogenated oils; and is particularly applicable for stabilizing cracked distillates.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Feb 05, 1936
Product Type:
Patent
Report Number:
GB 457997
Reference Number:
EDB-81-114624
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: Filed date 8 Oct 1935
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; ALKENES; CHEMICAL REACTION YIELD; HYDROCARBONS; REFINING; HYDROGEN SULFIDES; SHALE OIL; THIOLS; ALKYLATION; ANTIKNOCK RATINGS; BROMINE NUMBER; CATALYST SUPPORTS; CATALYSTS; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; COKE; CRACKING; GASOLINE; HIGH TEMPERATURE; ISOMERIZATION; KEROSENE; PETROLEUM DISTILLATES; PHOSPHORIC ACID; POLYMERIZATION; PURIFICATION; SILICA GEL; SLAGS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; ADSORBENTS; CHALCOGENIDES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DECOMPOSITION; DISTILLATES; ENERGY SOURCES; FOSSIL FUELS; FUELS; HYDROGEN COMPOUNDS; INORGANIC ACIDS; LIQUID FUELS; MINERAL OILS; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC SULFUR COMPOUNDS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PETROLEUM; PETROLEUM FRACTIONS; PETROLEUM PRODUCTS; PROCESSING; PYROLYSIS; SULFIDES; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; YIELDS; 020400* - Petroleum- Processing; 040403 - Oil Shales & Tar Sands- Refining
OSTI ID:
6242113
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: v
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Not Available. Purifying oils, cracking oils, catalysts. [British Patent]. United Kingdom: N. p., 1936. Web.
Not Available. Purifying oils, cracking oils, catalysts. [British Patent]. United Kingdom.
Not Available. 1936. "Purifying oils, cracking oils, catalysts. [British Patent]." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6242113,
title = {Purifying oils, cracking oils, catalysts. [British Patent]}
author = {Not Available}
abstractNote = {Hydrocarbon oils are refined by treating while substantially in the liquid phase between 200/sup 0/ and 400/sup 0/C with a phosphoric acid catalyst deposited on metallurgical coke, a suitable blast furnace slag, silica gel or other carrier with similar properties, until the objectionable components are converted into innocuous substances by polymerization cracking, isomerization and/or alkylation. By this treatment the bromine number is reduced, the end-point of the A.S.T.M. distillation is increased, the octane number is raised, mercaptans are converted to hydrogen sulphide and olefines, thioethers and thiophenes are converted to mereaptans, and the initial boiling point is lowered. The process is applicable to gasoline, cracked distillate, kerosine and lubricating oil, obtained by distilling or cracking petroleum, shale and hydrogenated oils; and is particularly applicable for stabilizing cracked distillates.}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1936}
month = {Feb}
}