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Effects of gamma irradiation on medicinal plants and spices (2): Piper cubeba, piper nigrum, piper retrofractum, amomum cardamomum, and myristica fragrans

Journal Article:

Abstract

Effects of gamma irradiation on essential oils of five medicinal plants i.e. dried seeds of piper cubeba(cubeb), piper nigrum(black pepper), piper retrofractum, amomum cardamomum(cardamom) and myristica fragrans(mace), packed in low density polyethylene bag of 0.13 mm thickness have been investigated. After being irradiated at doses of 5 and 10 kGy, a part of the samples was analysed, and the rest were stored for six months at temperature of 30 +- 2 degC, and humidity ranging from 70 to 95%. The essential oil characteristics of control, irradiated and six month stored samples were analysed using infrared and ultraviolet spectrophotometers, HPLC, GLC and refractometer. Other parameters observed were moisture content and essential oil content of the samples. Results showed that irradiation up to a dose of 10 kGy do not give any significant effect on these parameters. Significant changes were only found in the essential oil content of piper cubeba, caused by storage treatment.
Authors:
Chosdu, R; Hilmy, N; Bagiawati, S; Sudiro, S [1] 
  1. National Atomic Energy Agency, Jakarta (Indonesia). Pasar Djumat Research Centre
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1983
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
AIX-16-074468; EDB-86-005594
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Majalah BATAN; (Indonesia); Journal Volume: 16:4
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; CAPSICUM; ESSENTIAL OILS; RADIOPRESERVATION; CHEMICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; MEDICINAL PLANTS; SPICES; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; GAMMA RADIATION; GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY; HUMIDITY; INFRARED SPECTRA; LIQUID COLUMN CHROMATOGRAPHY; PACKAGING; PEPPERS; POLYETHYLENES; RADIATION DOSES; STORAGE; ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA; CHEMISTRY; CHROMATOGRAPHY; DATA; DOSES; ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION; FOOD; INFORMATION; IONIZING RADIATIONS; IRRADIATION; NUMERICAL DATA; OILS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC POLYMERS; OTHER ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; POLYMERS; POLYOLEFINS; PRESERVATION; RADIATION CHEMISTRY; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIATIONS; SEPARATION PROCESSES; SPECTRA; VEGETABLES; 560132* - Radiation Effects on Microorganisms- Food Preservation- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
6241003
Country of Origin:
Indonesia
Language:
Indonesian
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: MBTNA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 15-30
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Chosdu, R, Hilmy, N, Bagiawati, S, and Sudiro, S. Effects of gamma irradiation on medicinal plants and spices (2): Piper cubeba, piper nigrum, piper retrofractum, amomum cardamomum, and myristica fragrans. Indonesia: N. p., 1983. Web.
Chosdu, R, Hilmy, N, Bagiawati, S, & Sudiro, S. Effects of gamma irradiation on medicinal plants and spices (2): Piper cubeba, piper nigrum, piper retrofractum, amomum cardamomum, and myristica fragrans. Indonesia.
Chosdu, R, Hilmy, N, Bagiawati, S, and Sudiro, S. 1983. "Effects of gamma irradiation on medicinal plants and spices (2): Piper cubeba, piper nigrum, piper retrofractum, amomum cardamomum, and myristica fragrans." Indonesia.
@misc{etde_6241003,
title = {Effects of gamma irradiation on medicinal plants and spices (2): Piper cubeba, piper nigrum, piper retrofractum, amomum cardamomum, and myristica fragrans}
author = {Chosdu, R, Hilmy, N, Bagiawati, S, and Sudiro, S}
abstractNote = {Effects of gamma irradiation on essential oils of five medicinal plants i.e. dried seeds of piper cubeba(cubeb), piper nigrum(black pepper), piper retrofractum, amomum cardamomum(cardamom) and myristica fragrans(mace), packed in low density polyethylene bag of 0.13 mm thickness have been investigated. After being irradiated at doses of 5 and 10 kGy, a part of the samples was analysed, and the rest were stored for six months at temperature of 30 +- 2 degC, and humidity ranging from 70 to 95%. The essential oil characteristics of control, irradiated and six month stored samples were analysed using infrared and ultraviolet spectrophotometers, HPLC, GLC and refractometer. Other parameters observed were moisture content and essential oil content of the samples. Results showed that irradiation up to a dose of 10 kGy do not give any significant effect on these parameters. Significant changes were only found in the essential oil content of piper cubeba, caused by storage treatment.}
journal = {Majalah BATAN; (Indonesia)}
volume = {16:4}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Indonesia}
year = {1983}
month = {Dec}
}