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Experiments on contrail formation from fuels with different sulfur content

Abstract

A series of both flight tests and ground experiments has been performed to evaluate the role of the sulfur contained in kerosene in condensation trail (contrail) formation processes. The results of the first experiments are compiled briefly. The last SULFUR 4 experiment dealing with the influence of the fuel sulfur content and different appertaining conditions is described in detail. Different sulfur mass fractions lead to different particle size spectra. The number of ice particles in the contrail increases by about a factor of 2 for 3000 ppm instead of 6 ppm sulfur fuel content. (author) 10 refs.
Authors:
Busen, R; Kuhn, M; Petzold, A; Schroeder, F; Schumann, U; [1]  Baumgardner, D; [2]  Borrmann, S; [3]  Hagen, D; Whitefield, Ph; [4]  Stroem, J [5] 
  1. Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Oberpfaffenhofen (Germany)
  2. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
  3. Mainz Univ. (Germany)
  4. Missouri Univ., Rolla, MO (United States). Bureau of Mines
  5. Stockholm Univ. (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1997
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
ONERA-97-Vol.1; CONF-9610234-
Reference Number:
SCA: 540120; 330103; PA: FRC-98:000117; EDB-98:075976; SN: 98001913087
Resource Relation:
Conference: International colloquium: Impact of aircraft emissions upon the atmosphere, Paris (France), 15-18 Oct 1996; Other Information: PBD: 1997; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of impact of aircraft emissions upon the atmosphere. V. 1; PB: [381] p.
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; AIRCRAFT; JET ENGINE FUELS; SULFUR; KEROSENE; CONDENSATES; EXHAUST GASES; OXIDATION
OSTI ID:
623593
Research Organizations:
Office National d`Etudes et de Recherches Aerospatiales (ONERA), 92 - Chatillon (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE98731902; TRN: FR9800117
Availability:
OSTI as DE98731902
Submitting Site:
FR
Size:
pp. 149-154
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Busen, R, Kuhn, M, Petzold, A, Schroeder, F, Schumann, U, Baumgardner, D, Borrmann, S, Hagen, D, Whitefield, Ph, and Stroem, J. Experiments on contrail formation from fuels with different sulfur content. France: N. p., 1997. Web.
Busen, R, Kuhn, M, Petzold, A, Schroeder, F, Schumann, U, Baumgardner, D, Borrmann, S, Hagen, D, Whitefield, Ph, & Stroem, J. Experiments on contrail formation from fuels with different sulfur content. France.
Busen, R, Kuhn, M, Petzold, A, Schroeder, F, Schumann, U, Baumgardner, D, Borrmann, S, Hagen, D, Whitefield, Ph, and Stroem, J. 1997. "Experiments on contrail formation from fuels with different sulfur content." France.
@misc{etde_623593,
title = {Experiments on contrail formation from fuels with different sulfur content}
author = {Busen, R, Kuhn, M, Petzold, A, Schroeder, F, Schumann, U, Baumgardner, D, Borrmann, S, Hagen, D, Whitefield, Ph, and Stroem, J}
abstractNote = {A series of both flight tests and ground experiments has been performed to evaluate the role of the sulfur contained in kerosene in condensation trail (contrail) formation processes. The results of the first experiments are compiled briefly. The last SULFUR 4 experiment dealing with the influence of the fuel sulfur content and different appertaining conditions is described in detail. Different sulfur mass fractions lead to different particle size spectra. The number of ice particles in the contrail increases by about a factor of 2 for 3000 ppm instead of 6 ppm sulfur fuel content. (author) 10 refs.}
place = {France}
year = {1997}
month = {Dec}
}