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Effect of impurities on the performance of lithium intended for lithium/thionyl chloride battery manufacture

Abstract

The elemental impurities in four different, commercially-available lithium samples have been determined. Cells consisting of these lithium samples as anodes and pressed acetylene black as cathodes were discharged at 20 C and at 70 C at a rate of 50 mA/sq cm. The passivating films remaining on the lithium surface after discharge were examined using electron microscopy and their elemental compositions determined using the surface sensitive technique of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Performance characteristics (voltage and capacity) of test cells consisting, in part, of the different lithium samples are discussed in terms of impurity concentrations determined by secondary ion mass spectrometry and atomic absorption spectroscopy. The permeability and electronic conductivity of the LiCl passivating films are adduced as two possible reasons for the variations in capacity and on-load voltage of the different lithium samples. 25 references.
Publication Date:
Sep 01, 1988
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-89-084144
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: J. Power Sources; (Switzerland); Journal Volume: 24
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; LITHIUM; IMPURITIES; LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERIES; PERFORMANCE; CHLORIDES; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRIC DISCHARGES; MATERIALS; PASSIVITY; PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; TEMPERATURE EFFECTS; ALKALI METALS; CHLORINE COMPOUNDS; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; ELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; ELEMENTS; HALIDES; HALOGEN COMPOUNDS; METAL-NONMETAL BATTERIES; METALS; SPECTROSCOPY; 250902* - Energy Storage- Batteries- Performance & Testing; 250903 - Energy Storage- Batteries- Materials, Components, & Auxiliaries
OSTI ID:
6231756
Research Organizations:
Loughborough Univ. of Technology (England); Admiralty Research Establishment, Portland (England)
Country of Origin:
Switzerland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: JPSOD
Submitting Site:
IAA
Size:
Pages: 95-113
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Hagan, W P, Hampson, N A, and Packer, R K. Effect of impurities on the performance of lithium intended for lithium/thionyl chloride battery manufacture. Switzerland: N. p., 1988. Web. doi:10.1016/0378-7753(88)80094-6.
Hagan, W P, Hampson, N A, & Packer, R K. Effect of impurities on the performance of lithium intended for lithium/thionyl chloride battery manufacture. Switzerland. doi:10.1016/0378-7753(88)80094-6.
Hagan, W P, Hampson, N A, and Packer, R K. 1988. "Effect of impurities on the performance of lithium intended for lithium/thionyl chloride battery manufacture." Switzerland. doi:10.1016/0378-7753(88)80094-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/0378-7753(88)80094-6.
@misc{etde_6231756,
title = {Effect of impurities on the performance of lithium intended for lithium/thionyl chloride battery manufacture}
author = {Hagan, W P, Hampson, N A, and Packer, R K}
abstractNote = {The elemental impurities in four different, commercially-available lithium samples have been determined. Cells consisting of these lithium samples as anodes and pressed acetylene black as cathodes were discharged at 20 C and at 70 C at a rate of 50 mA/sq cm. The passivating films remaining on the lithium surface after discharge were examined using electron microscopy and their elemental compositions determined using the surface sensitive technique of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Performance characteristics (voltage and capacity) of test cells consisting, in part, of the different lithium samples are discussed in terms of impurity concentrations determined by secondary ion mass spectrometry and atomic absorption spectroscopy. The permeability and electronic conductivity of the LiCl passivating films are adduced as two possible reasons for the variations in capacity and on-load voltage of the different lithium samples. 25 references.}
doi = {10.1016/0378-7753(88)80094-6}
journal = {J. Power Sources; (Switzerland)}
volume = {24}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Switzerland}
year = {1988}
month = {Sep}
}