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Effect of pore water pressure on P-wave velocity in water-filled sands with partial air saturation; Fukanzen howa jotai no suna shiryo wo denpasuru P ha sokudo ni oyobosu kangeki suiatsu no eikyo

Abstract

With an objective to elucidate change in velocity of elastic waves in association with water pressure increase in a sand bed below the groundwater level in a shallow portion of the ground, a measurement experiment was carried out on P-wave velocity in sand samples with partial air saturation. The experiment has used fine sand having an equivalent coefficient of 2.40, a soil particle density of 2.68 g/cm {sup 3} or 60%, and a grain size of 0.36 mm. Inside the water-filled sand sample, two accelerometers were embedded 20 cm apart from each other as vibration receivers. An electromagnetic hammer for P-wave was used as the vibration source. In the experiment, measurement was carried out on the P-wave velocity in association with increase in pore water pressure by applying water pressure afresh to the water-filled sample. As a result of the experiment, the following matters were disclosed: the P-wave velocity increases as the pore water pressure was increased, and a phenomenon was recognized that the dominant frequency changes into high frequency; the degree of increase in the P-wave velocity varies depending on initial saturation of the sample; and bubbles in the pore fluid have their volume decreased due to compression resulted  More>>
Authors:
Kanema, T [1] 
  1. Chishitsu-Keisoku Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)
Publication Date:
Oct 22, 1997
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
ETDE/JP-98751022; CONF-9710214-
Reference Number:
SCA: 580000; 422000; 440700; PA: JP-97:0G4537; EDB-98:076897; SN: 98001944473
Resource Relation:
Conference: 97. SEGJ conference, Butsuri tansa gakkai dai 97 kai (1997 nendo shuki) gakujutsu koenkai, Sapporo (Japan), 22-24 Oct 1997; Other Information: PBD: 22 Oct 1997; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceeding of the 97th (Fall, Fiscal 1997) SEGJ Conference; PB: 371 p.; Butsuri tansa gakkai dai 97 kai (1997 nendo shuki) gakujutsu koenkai koen ronbunshu
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; 44 INSTRUMENTATION, INCLUDING NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE DETECTORS; SEISMIC P WAVES; VELOCITY; WAVE PROPAGATION; LAYERS; WATER SATURATION; INTERSTITIAL WATER; WATER TABLES; BENCH-SCALE EXPERIMENTS; BUBBLES; FREQUENCY ANALYSIS
OSTI ID:
622695
Research Organizations:
Society of Exploration Geophysicists of Japan, Tokyo (Japan)
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE98751022; TRN: JN97G4537
Availability:
Available from Society of Exploration Geophysicists of Japan, 2-18, Nakamagome 2-chome, Ota-ku, Tokyo, (Japan); OSTI as DE98751022
Submitting Site:
NEDO
Size:
pp. 117-121
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Kanema, T. Effect of pore water pressure on P-wave velocity in water-filled sands with partial air saturation; Fukanzen howa jotai no suna shiryo wo denpasuru P ha sokudo ni oyobosu kangeki suiatsu no eikyo. Japan: N. p., 1997. Web.
Kanema, T. Effect of pore water pressure on P-wave velocity in water-filled sands with partial air saturation; Fukanzen howa jotai no suna shiryo wo denpasuru P ha sokudo ni oyobosu kangeki suiatsu no eikyo. Japan.
Kanema, T. 1997. "Effect of pore water pressure on P-wave velocity in water-filled sands with partial air saturation; Fukanzen howa jotai no suna shiryo wo denpasuru P ha sokudo ni oyobosu kangeki suiatsu no eikyo." Japan.
@misc{etde_622695,
title = {Effect of pore water pressure on P-wave velocity in water-filled sands with partial air saturation; Fukanzen howa jotai no suna shiryo wo denpasuru P ha sokudo ni oyobosu kangeki suiatsu no eikyo}
author = {Kanema, T}
abstractNote = {With an objective to elucidate change in velocity of elastic waves in association with water pressure increase in a sand bed below the groundwater level in a shallow portion of the ground, a measurement experiment was carried out on P-wave velocity in sand samples with partial air saturation. The experiment has used fine sand having an equivalent coefficient of 2.40, a soil particle density of 2.68 g/cm {sup 3} or 60%, and a grain size of 0.36 mm. Inside the water-filled sand sample, two accelerometers were embedded 20 cm apart from each other as vibration receivers. An electromagnetic hammer for P-wave was used as the vibration source. In the experiment, measurement was carried out on the P-wave velocity in association with increase in pore water pressure by applying water pressure afresh to the water-filled sample. As a result of the experiment, the following matters were disclosed: the P-wave velocity increases as the pore water pressure was increased, and a phenomenon was recognized that the dominant frequency changes into high frequency; the degree of increase in the P-wave velocity varies depending on initial saturation of the sample; and bubbles in the pore fluid have their volume decreased due to compression resulted from increased pore water pressure and dissolution of air into the pore water. 6 refs., 11 figs.}
place = {Japan}
year = {1997}
month = {Oct}
}