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Distribution of strong ground motion from uppermost crustal structure. Comparison with disaster from the Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake; Yaya fukai chika kozo no henka ni yoru kyoshindo bunpu. Hyogoken nanbu jishin ni yoru higai bunpu tono hikaku

Abstract

It was intended to elucidate characteristics of distribution of damages caused by an earthquake which occurs directly below an urban area. Therefore, numerical simulation using the pseudo-spectral method was performed on characteristics of seismic wave propagation in non-homogenous media composed of rock beds and sediment beds, and of seismic wave amplitudes on ground surface. The simulation has utilized information on underground structures disclosed by using the latest physical exploration method. The underground structure model assumed a two-dimensional model hypothesizing presence of upper, middle and lower beds in the Osaka bed group on granite, using as reference the information on S-wave velocity underground structure revealed by the microtremor exploration method. With an objective to elucidate characteristics of distribution of collapse ratio in the area from 8-chome, Okamoto, Higashinada Ward, Kobe City to 2-chome of Sakanasaki Minamicho, as damages suffered from the Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake, a simulation has been performed varying the structure model based on the results derived by the microtremor exploration method and the reflection method. As a result, it was shown that the characteristics of the maximum amplitude distribution of displacement of ground surface, velocity and acceleration agree well with those of the collapse ratio distribution, and that the  More>>
Authors:
Zhao, Z; Okubo, R [1] 
  1. Kawasaki Geological Engineering Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)
Publication Date:
Oct 22, 1997
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
ETDE/JP-98751022; CONF-9710214-
Reference Number:
SCA: 580000; 990300; 440700; PA: JP-97:0G4528; EDB-98:076907; SN: 98001944464
Resource Relation:
Conference: 97. SEGJ conference, Butsuri tansa gakkai dai 97 kai (1997 nendo shuki) gakujutsu koenkai, Sapporo (Japan), 22-24 Oct 1997; Other Information: PBD: 22 Oct 1997; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceeding of the 97th (Fall, Fiscal 1997) SEGJ Conference; PB: 371 p.; Butsuri tansa gakkai dai 97 kai (1997 nendo shuki) gakujutsu koenkai koen ronbunshu
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 99 MATHEMATICS, COMPUTERS, INFORMATION SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT, LAW, MISCELLANEOUS; 44 INSTRUMENTATION, INCLUDING NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE DETECTORS; EARTHQUAKES; ACCIDENTS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; SUBSURFACE STRUCTURES; ROCK BEDS; SEDIMENTARY ROCKS; GEOLOGIC MODELS; SEISMIC SURVEYS; SEISMIC S WAVES; WAVE PROPAGATION; AMPLITUDES
OSTI ID:
622648
Research Organizations:
Society of Exploration Geophysicists of Japan, Tokyo (Japan)
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE98751022; TRN: JN97G4528
Availability:
Available from Society of Exploration Geophysicists of Japan, 2-18, Nakamagome 2-chome, Ota-ku, Tokyo, (Japan); OSTI as DE98751022
Submitting Site:
NEDO
Size:
pp. 71-74
Announcement Date:
Jul 24, 1998

Citation Formats

Zhao, Z, and Okubo, R. Distribution of strong ground motion from uppermost crustal structure. Comparison with disaster from the Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake; Yaya fukai chika kozo no henka ni yoru kyoshindo bunpu. Hyogoken nanbu jishin ni yoru higai bunpu tono hikaku. Japan: N. p., 1997. Web.
Zhao, Z, & Okubo, R. Distribution of strong ground motion from uppermost crustal structure. Comparison with disaster from the Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake; Yaya fukai chika kozo no henka ni yoru kyoshindo bunpu. Hyogoken nanbu jishin ni yoru higai bunpu tono hikaku. Japan.
Zhao, Z, and Okubo, R. 1997. "Distribution of strong ground motion from uppermost crustal structure. Comparison with disaster from the Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake; Yaya fukai chika kozo no henka ni yoru kyoshindo bunpu. Hyogoken nanbu jishin ni yoru higai bunpu tono hikaku." Japan.
@misc{etde_622648,
title = {Distribution of strong ground motion from uppermost crustal structure. Comparison with disaster from the Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake; Yaya fukai chika kozo no henka ni yoru kyoshindo bunpu. Hyogoken nanbu jishin ni yoru higai bunpu tono hikaku}
author = {Zhao, Z, and Okubo, R}
abstractNote = {It was intended to elucidate characteristics of distribution of damages caused by an earthquake which occurs directly below an urban area. Therefore, numerical simulation using the pseudo-spectral method was performed on characteristics of seismic wave propagation in non-homogenous media composed of rock beds and sediment beds, and of seismic wave amplitudes on ground surface. The simulation has utilized information on underground structures disclosed by using the latest physical exploration method. The underground structure model assumed a two-dimensional model hypothesizing presence of upper, middle and lower beds in the Osaka bed group on granite, using as reference the information on S-wave velocity underground structure revealed by the microtremor exploration method. With an objective to elucidate characteristics of distribution of collapse ratio in the area from 8-chome, Okamoto, Higashinada Ward, Kobe City to 2-chome of Sakanasaki Minamicho, as damages suffered from the Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake, a simulation has been performed varying the structure model based on the results derived by the microtremor exploration method and the reflection method. As a result, it was shown that the characteristics of the maximum amplitude distribution of displacement of ground surface, velocity and acceleration agree well with those of the collapse ratio distribution, and that the simulation using the pseudo-spectral method is an effective means to analyze the ground surface collapse ratio distribution. 5 refs., 3 figs.}
place = {Japan}
year = {1997}
month = {Oct}
}