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Poisoning of bees by industrial arsenic emissions

Journal Article:

Abstract

Massive poisoning of bees by industrial arsenic emissions in Czechoslovakia are reviewed. Arsenic emissions from an ore processing plant in Tesin were responsible for massive bee deaths after World War I. Massive death of bees was observed in 1938 in the Krompach region around a copper ore smelting plant which emitted arsenic. Other accidents were reported in 1954 and 1957 in areas around industrial plants and power plants using arsenopyrite-containing low-grade coal or lignite. Arsenic was emitted bound in fly-ash in the form of arsenic trioxide or, in the case of coals containing alkaline chlorides, in the form of arsenic trichloride. The arsenic contamination extended to areas within a radius of 3-7 km. Settled fly-ash contained 0.0004-0.75% arsenic, which was soluble in a citrate-hydrochloric acid solution of pH 3.9, which corresponds to the gastric acid of bees. The arsenic uptake by the bees from pollen was calculated to amount to 1 microgram daily, against a toxic dose of 0.37 microgram. The toxic effect of arsenic on bees can be abated by adding colloidal iron hydroxide to the sugar solution which they are fed. 5 references.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1962
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-85-015809
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cesk. Akad. Zemedelskych Ved. Sbornik; (Czechoslovakia); Journal Volume: 8
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; AIR POLLUTION; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; ARSENIC; ARSENIC COMPOUNDS; BEES; DEATH; TOXICITY; ANIMALS; ARTHROPODS; ELEMENTS; HYMENOPTERA; INSECTS; INVERTEBRATES; POLLUTION; SEMIMETALS; 560304* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Invertebrates- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
6199483
Country of Origin:
Serbia and Montenegro
Language:
Czech
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 1499-1506
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Svoboda, J. Poisoning of bees by industrial arsenic emissions. Serbia and Montenegro: N. p., 1962. Web.
Svoboda, J. Poisoning of bees by industrial arsenic emissions. Serbia and Montenegro.
Svoboda, J. 1962. "Poisoning of bees by industrial arsenic emissions." Serbia and Montenegro.
@misc{etde_6199483,
title = {Poisoning of bees by industrial arsenic emissions}
author = {Svoboda, J}
abstractNote = {Massive poisoning of bees by industrial arsenic emissions in Czechoslovakia are reviewed. Arsenic emissions from an ore processing plant in Tesin were responsible for massive bee deaths after World War I. Massive death of bees was observed in 1938 in the Krompach region around a copper ore smelting plant which emitted arsenic. Other accidents were reported in 1954 and 1957 in areas around industrial plants and power plants using arsenopyrite-containing low-grade coal or lignite. Arsenic was emitted bound in fly-ash in the form of arsenic trioxide or, in the case of coals containing alkaline chlorides, in the form of arsenic trichloride. The arsenic contamination extended to areas within a radius of 3-7 km. Settled fly-ash contained 0.0004-0.75% arsenic, which was soluble in a citrate-hydrochloric acid solution of pH 3.9, which corresponds to the gastric acid of bees. The arsenic uptake by the bees from pollen was calculated to amount to 1 microgram daily, against a toxic dose of 0.37 microgram. The toxic effect of arsenic on bees can be abated by adding colloidal iron hydroxide to the sugar solution which they are fed. 5 references.}
journal = {Cesk. Akad. Zemedelskych Ved. Sbornik; (Czechoslovakia)}
volume = {8}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Serbia and Montenegro}
year = {1962}
month = {Jan}
}