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Kinetic and economic considerations of biogas production systems

Abstract

In this paper, the kinetics and economics of substrate degradation and biogas production are discussed. Mass balance on substrate, with either the Contois or Adams-Eckenfelder models, is used to design the mathematical models of volatile solids reduction and biogas fermentation. The predictions of both the models are found to be in close agreement with the observed values reported. A computer model based on a system dynamics approach is used to model the economics of biogas production by anaerobic digestion from cattle slurry available from typical rural families in Bangladesh. This model incorporates the Adams-Eckenfelder model to determine the amount of gas production and the technique described by Audsley and Wheeler to take into account the effects of price, interest, and inflation. The effects of changes of these parameters on the net profit or loss from the process are also considered. (author).
Authors:
Bala, B K; Satter, M A [1] 
  1. Bangladesh Agricultural Univ., Mymensingh (BD). Dept. of Farm Power and Machinery
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1990
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
GB-90-002838; EDB-91-015605
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Biological Wastes; (UK); Journal Volume: 34:1
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOGAS PROCESS; BANGLADESH; ECONOMICS; KINETICS; BIODEGRADATION; CATTLE; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; FERMENTATION; MANURES; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; PERFORMANCE; SUBSTRATES; AGRICULTURAL WASTES; ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; ANIMALS; ASIA; BIOCONVERSION; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DECOMPOSITION; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; DIGESTION; DOMESTIC ANIMALS; MAMMALS; MANAGEMENT; ORGANIC WASTES; PROCESSING; RUMINANTS; SIMULATION; VERTEBRATES; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTES; 090900* - Biomass Fuels- Processing- (1990-)
OSTI ID:
6160737
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0269-7483; CODEN: BIWAE
Submitting Site:
GB
Size:
Pages: 21-38
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Bala, B K, and Satter, M A. Kinetic and economic considerations of biogas production systems. United Kingdom: N. p., 1990. Web. doi:10.1016/0269-7483(90)90141-E.
Bala, B K, & Satter, M A. Kinetic and economic considerations of biogas production systems. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0269-7483(90)90141-E.
Bala, B K, and Satter, M A. 1990. "Kinetic and economic considerations of biogas production systems." United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/0269-7483(90)90141-E. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/0269-7483(90)90141-E.
@misc{etde_6160737,
title = {Kinetic and economic considerations of biogas production systems}
author = {Bala, B K, and Satter, M A}
abstractNote = {In this paper, the kinetics and economics of substrate degradation and biogas production are discussed. Mass balance on substrate, with either the Contois or Adams-Eckenfelder models, is used to design the mathematical models of volatile solids reduction and biogas fermentation. The predictions of both the models are found to be in close agreement with the observed values reported. A computer model based on a system dynamics approach is used to model the economics of biogas production by anaerobic digestion from cattle slurry available from typical rural families in Bangladesh. This model incorporates the Adams-Eckenfelder model to determine the amount of gas production and the technique described by Audsley and Wheeler to take into account the effects of price, interest, and inflation. The effects of changes of these parameters on the net profit or loss from the process are also considered. (author).}
doi = {10.1016/0269-7483(90)90141-E}
journal = {Biological Wastes; (UK)}
volume = {34:1}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1990}
month = {Jan}
}