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Microbial hydrocarbon degradation - bioremediation of oil spills

Journal Article:

Abstract

Bioremediation has become a major method employed in restoration of oil-polluted environments that makes use of natural microbial biodegradative activities. Bioremediation of petroleum pollutants overcomes the factors limiting rates of microbial hydrocarbon biodegradation. Often this involves using the enzymatic capabilities of the indigenous hydrocarbon-degrading microbial populations and modifying environmental factors, particularly concentrations of molecular oxygen, fixed forms of nitrogen and phosphate to achieve enhanced rates of hydrocarbon biodegradation. Biodegradation of oily sludges and bioremediation of oil-contaminated sites has been achieved by oxygen addition-e.g. by tilling soils in landfarming and by adding hydrogen peroxide or pumping oxygen into oiled aquifers along with addition of nitrogen- and phosphorous-containing fertilizers. The success of seeding oil spills with microbial preparations is ambiguous. Successful bioremediation of a major marine oil spill has been achieved based upon addition of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers. (author).
Authors:
Atlas, R M [1] 
  1. Louisville Univ., KY (United States). Dept. of Biology
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1991
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
GB-91-052577; EDB-92-026261
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 52:2
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; OIL SPILLS; BIODEGRADATION; ENZYMES; HYDROCARBONS; LAND POLLUTION; OXIDATION; SLUDGES; WATER POLLUTION; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DECOMPOSITION; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; PROTEINS; 020900* - Petroleum- Environmental Aspects
OSTI ID:
6129026
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0142-0356; CODEN: JCTBD
Submitting Site:
GB
Size:
Pages: 149-156
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Atlas, R M. Microbial hydrocarbon degradation - bioremediation of oil spills. United Kingdom: N. p., 1991. Web.
Atlas, R M. Microbial hydrocarbon degradation - bioremediation of oil spills. United Kingdom.
Atlas, R M. 1991. "Microbial hydrocarbon degradation - bioremediation of oil spills." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6129026,
title = {Microbial hydrocarbon degradation - bioremediation of oil spills}
author = {Atlas, R M}
abstractNote = {Bioremediation has become a major method employed in restoration of oil-polluted environments that makes use of natural microbial biodegradative activities. Bioremediation of petroleum pollutants overcomes the factors limiting rates of microbial hydrocarbon biodegradation. Often this involves using the enzymatic capabilities of the indigenous hydrocarbon-degrading microbial populations and modifying environmental factors, particularly concentrations of molecular oxygen, fixed forms of nitrogen and phosphate to achieve enhanced rates of hydrocarbon biodegradation. Biodegradation of oily sludges and bioremediation of oil-contaminated sites has been achieved by oxygen addition-e.g. by tilling soils in landfarming and by adding hydrogen peroxide or pumping oxygen into oiled aquifers along with addition of nitrogen- and phosphorous-containing fertilizers. The success of seeding oil spills with microbial preparations is ambiguous. Successful bioremediation of a major marine oil spill has been achieved based upon addition of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers. (author).}
journal = {Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {52:2}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1991}
month = {Jan}
}