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Evaluation of the radiosensitivity of acute myeloblastic leukaemia progenitor cells by culture methods exploring self-renewal. Evaluation de la radiosensibilite des progeniteurs de leucemie aigue myeloblastique par des methodes de culture explorant ou non l'autorenouvellement

Journal Article:

Abstract

The progenitor cells of acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML) are usually cultured in methylcellulose which selects for terminal dividing cells. Suspension cultures have been developed because they reflect self-renewal: the exponential growth of the progenitors of AML cultured in suspension is due to self-renewal. We have compared the radiosensitivity of the progenitors of AML grown either in methylcellulose alone or first in suspension for 7 days before being plated in methylcellulose. Cells were harvested from leukaemic bone marrows at the moment of diagnosis. The myeloblastic lineage of the colonies was assessed by morphological, cytochemical and immunophenotypic analysis and by the use of growth factors which do not stimulate T-lymphocytes. The cell-cycle distribution of leukaemic blasts was comparable for all the samples. This method enabled aggressive leukaemias to be selected. The radiosensitivity showed wide variations from one patient to another (Do ranging from 0.35 to 2.6 Gy) whichever culture method used. The progenitor cells capable of self-renewal were more radiosensitive (Mean Do 0.9[+-]0.4 Gy) than terminal dividing cells (Mean Do = 1.35[+-]0.5 Gy). In two cases, a shoulder was found in the initial part of the cell-survival curves of cells capable of self-renewal. The shape of the curves was better fitted by  More>>
Authors:
Cowen, D; Richaud, P; Landriau, S; Lagarde, P; Gualde, N; [1]  Boiron, J M; [2]  Mahon, F X; Belloc, F; [3]  Reiffers, J [4] 
  1. Fondation Bergonie, 33 - Bordeaux (France)
  2. Hopital du Haut-Leveque, 33 - Pessac (France)
  3. Hopital Regional, 33 - Bordeaux (France)
  4. Hopital du Haut-Leveque, 33 - Pessac (France) Hopital Regional, 33 - Bordeaux (France)
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1993
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
AIX-24-069172; EDB-93-144845
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Bulletin du Cancer, Radiotherapie; (France); Journal Volume: 80:2
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; BONE MARROW CELLS; GENETIC RADIATION EFFECTS; MYELOID LEUKEMIA; RADIOSENSITIVITY; ANIMAL CELLS; CELL CULTURES; CULTURE MEDIA; RADIATION DOSES; SURVIVAL CURVES; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; CONNECTIVE TISSUE CELLS; DISEASES; DOSES; GENETIC EFFECTS; IMMUNE SYSTEM DISEASES; LEUKEMIA; NEOPLASMS; RADIATION EFFECTS; SOMATIC CELLS; 560120* - Radiation Effects on Biochemicals, Cells, & Tissue Culture
OSTI ID:
6053968
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0924-4212; CODEN: BCRAEE
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
Pages: 108-117
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Cowen, D, Richaud, P, Landriau, S, Lagarde, P, Gualde, N, Boiron, J M, Mahon, F X, Belloc, F, and Reiffers, J. Evaluation of the radiosensitivity of acute myeloblastic leukaemia progenitor cells by culture methods exploring self-renewal. Evaluation de la radiosensibilite des progeniteurs de leucemie aigue myeloblastique par des methodes de culture explorant ou non l'autorenouvellement. France: N. p., 1993. Web.
Cowen, D, Richaud, P, Landriau, S, Lagarde, P, Gualde, N, Boiron, J M, Mahon, F X, Belloc, F, & Reiffers, J. Evaluation of the radiosensitivity of acute myeloblastic leukaemia progenitor cells by culture methods exploring self-renewal. Evaluation de la radiosensibilite des progeniteurs de leucemie aigue myeloblastique par des methodes de culture explorant ou non l'autorenouvellement. France.
Cowen, D, Richaud, P, Landriau, S, Lagarde, P, Gualde, N, Boiron, J M, Mahon, F X, Belloc, F, and Reiffers, J. 1993. "Evaluation of the radiosensitivity of acute myeloblastic leukaemia progenitor cells by culture methods exploring self-renewal. Evaluation de la radiosensibilite des progeniteurs de leucemie aigue myeloblastique par des methodes de culture explorant ou non l'autorenouvellement." France.
@misc{etde_6053968,
title = {Evaluation of the radiosensitivity of acute myeloblastic leukaemia progenitor cells by culture methods exploring self-renewal. Evaluation de la radiosensibilite des progeniteurs de leucemie aigue myeloblastique par des methodes de culture explorant ou non l'autorenouvellement}
author = {Cowen, D, Richaud, P, Landriau, S, Lagarde, P, Gualde, N, Boiron, J M, Mahon, F X, Belloc, F, and Reiffers, J}
abstractNote = {The progenitor cells of acute myeloblastic leukaemia (AML) are usually cultured in methylcellulose which selects for terminal dividing cells. Suspension cultures have been developed because they reflect self-renewal: the exponential growth of the progenitors of AML cultured in suspension is due to self-renewal. We have compared the radiosensitivity of the progenitors of AML grown either in methylcellulose alone or first in suspension for 7 days before being plated in methylcellulose. Cells were harvested from leukaemic bone marrows at the moment of diagnosis. The myeloblastic lineage of the colonies was assessed by morphological, cytochemical and immunophenotypic analysis and by the use of growth factors which do not stimulate T-lymphocytes. The cell-cycle distribution of leukaemic blasts was comparable for all the samples. This method enabled aggressive leukaemias to be selected. The radiosensitivity showed wide variations from one patient to another (Do ranging from 0.35 to 2.6 Gy) whichever culture method used. The progenitor cells capable of self-renewal were more radiosensitive (Mean Do 0.9[+-]0.4 Gy) than terminal dividing cells (Mean Do = 1.35[+-]0.5 Gy). In two cases, a shoulder was found in the initial part of the cell-survival curves of cells capable of self-renewal. The shape of the curves was better fitted by the linear quadratic model with very low values of [alpha]/[beta], suggesting a reduced antileukaemic effect in case of fractionation.}
journal = {Bulletin du Cancer, Radiotherapie; (France)}
volume = {80:2}
journal type = {AC}
place = {France}
year = {1993}
month = {Jan}
}