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Technological progress, safety, and the guardian role of inspection

Journal Article:

Abstract

Technological innovation is accompanied by unforeseen human consequences as well as benefits, and progress has produced a public awareness of the potential for hazards that has led to efficient safety-inspection procedures. Because no safety procedure is foolproof, the public learns to tolerate certain levels of risk from technology if it concludes that the benefits are worthwhile. The perception of values often transcends simple cost/benefit analysis. Safety technology and regulation developed during the past 50 years has benefited from earlier disastrous accidents enough to give the nuclear power industry an unprecedented safety record. Efforts to understand and anticipate human error have refined the role of inspection without achieving absolute reliability. Well-directed inspections that accept human fallibility will achieve more than design and organizational improvements. 42 references. (DCK)
Authors:
Publication Date:
Aug 01, 1981
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EPA-08-000110; EDB-81-127257
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Sci. Public Policy; (United Kingdom); Journal Volume: 8:4
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 42 ENGINEERING; SAFETY; INSPECTION; TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION; ERRORS; OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY; QUALITY ASSURANCE; 290500* - Energy Planning & Policy- Research, Development, Demonstration, & Commercialization; 420600 - Engineering- Safety Engineering- (-1987); 290300 - Energy Planning & Policy- Environment, Health, & Safety
OSTI ID:
6046384
Research Organizations:
Reardon-Critchley International, Middlesex, England
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: SPPLB
Submitting Site:
TIC
Size:
Pages: 291-307
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Critchley, O H. Technological progress, safety, and the guardian role of inspection. United Kingdom: N. p., 1981. Web.
Critchley, O H. Technological progress, safety, and the guardian role of inspection. United Kingdom.
Critchley, O H. 1981. "Technological progress, safety, and the guardian role of inspection." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_6046384,
title = {Technological progress, safety, and the guardian role of inspection}
author = {Critchley, O H}
abstractNote = {Technological innovation is accompanied by unforeseen human consequences as well as benefits, and progress has produced a public awareness of the potential for hazards that has led to efficient safety-inspection procedures. Because no safety procedure is foolproof, the public learns to tolerate certain levels of risk from technology if it concludes that the benefits are worthwhile. The perception of values often transcends simple cost/benefit analysis. Safety technology and regulation developed during the past 50 years has benefited from earlier disastrous accidents enough to give the nuclear power industry an unprecedented safety record. Efforts to understand and anticipate human error have refined the role of inspection without achieving absolute reliability. Well-directed inspections that accept human fallibility will achieve more than design and organizational improvements. 42 references. (DCK)}
journal = {Sci. Public Policy; (United Kingdom)}
volume = {8:4}
journal type = {AC}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {1981}
month = {Aug}
}