The book at hand does not intend to present visions of an alternative future or to condemn in the bulk soft utopian ideas out of a feeling of conservative partiality full of prejudices. The essence and purpose of this work is to submit the soft revolution and the demands for and designs of a new way of life to impartial scrutiny. Alternative movements criticize today's industrial society. The book answers the central question as to whether this criticism is correct and whether proposals for a re-organization of society are able to eliminate existing shortcomings. In doing so, complex problem areas are touched upon. They are part of different scientific disciplines. Therefore, findings of social psychology, sociology, political science and political economy are often referred to. However, this book is not written for the scientist but for the often mentioned man-in-the-street who is fully aware of his rights and duties.