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Actual implications of industrial smoke damage to forests

Journal Article:

Abstract

General problems of smoke-induced damages, diagnosis, and control methods are reviewed. Damages caused by etching of leaves and needles are mostly of an acute and local character. Damages due to disturbed assimilation, caused primarily by sulfur dioxide, are of the greatest importance economically. Sulfur dioxide is less harmful in winter and during night hours. Acids and sulfur dioxide both turn the soil acid, and affect the edaphon. Such damages are primarily of chronic character. Different diagnostic methods such as plant, soil, and air analyses should be combined to obtain reliable results. Due to the complexity of the processes involved in smoke damages, biological tests are best in diagnosis. The sunlight test exploits the fact that branches cut from smoke-damaged trees lose their needles more readily than such from intact trees. Haertels turbidity test is based on the increased wax secretion by smoke-damaged needles. The appraisal of damages is made by evaluation of the economic losses after the limitation of the smoke-affected area. The possible control measures in forestry are the breeding of smoke-resistant species and liming, while the pollution control techniques presently available in industry are unsatisfactory, the major problems being caused by sulfur dioxide. Standardization of thresholds and maximum  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jan 01, 1955
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
EDB-86-045059
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Wiss. Z. Tech. Univ. Dresden; (German Democratic Republic); Journal Volume: 4:3
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.; LEAVES; INJURIES; SMOKES; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; SULFUR DIOXIDE; AIR POLLUTION; CHRONIC EXPOSURE; ECONOMIC IMPACT; FORESTRY; FORESTS; LIMING; PH VALUE; SOILS; AEROSOLS; CHALCOGENIDES; COLLOIDS; DISPERSIONS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; POLLUTION; RESIDUES; SOLS; SULFUR COMPOUNDS; SULFUR OXIDES; 560303* - Chemicals Metabolism & Toxicology- Plants- (-1987)
OSTI ID:
6037734
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
German
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CODEN: WZTUA
Submitting Site:
HEDB
Size:
Pages: 499-505
Announcement Date:
Mar 01, 1986

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Zieger, E. Actual implications of industrial smoke damage to forests. Germany: N. p., 1955. Web.
Zieger, E. Actual implications of industrial smoke damage to forests. Germany.
Zieger, E. 1955. "Actual implications of industrial smoke damage to forests." Germany.
@misc{etde_6037734,
title = {Actual implications of industrial smoke damage to forests}
author = {Zieger, E}
abstractNote = {General problems of smoke-induced damages, diagnosis, and control methods are reviewed. Damages caused by etching of leaves and needles are mostly of an acute and local character. Damages due to disturbed assimilation, caused primarily by sulfur dioxide, are of the greatest importance economically. Sulfur dioxide is less harmful in winter and during night hours. Acids and sulfur dioxide both turn the soil acid, and affect the edaphon. Such damages are primarily of chronic character. Different diagnostic methods such as plant, soil, and air analyses should be combined to obtain reliable results. Due to the complexity of the processes involved in smoke damages, biological tests are best in diagnosis. The sunlight test exploits the fact that branches cut from smoke-damaged trees lose their needles more readily than such from intact trees. Haertels turbidity test is based on the increased wax secretion by smoke-damaged needles. The appraisal of damages is made by evaluation of the economic losses after the limitation of the smoke-affected area. The possible control measures in forestry are the breeding of smoke-resistant species and liming, while the pollution control techniques presently available in industry are unsatisfactory, the major problems being caused by sulfur dioxide. Standardization of thresholds and maximum allowable concentrations, as well as cooperation of forestry and industries are imperative. 12 references.}
journal = {Wiss. Z. Tech. Univ. Dresden; (German Democratic Republic)}
volume = {4:3}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Germany}
year = {1955}
month = {Jan}
}